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SOMALIA - An Ethiopian soldier, a sniper, has defected to the Mujahideen of Al-Shabaab in Yurkud, Gedo district, Somalia on Friday (18/5/2012), as reported by the Harakat Al-Shabaab Al-Mujahideen office, HSM Press.
The soldier escaped from the Ethiopian invaders military base on Friday with his Dragunov rifle, he was wandering in search of the Mujahideen of Al-Shabaab
First, he asked about the Mujahideen through a local resident who then led him to meet with the Mujahideen at the Yurkud front.
The Ethiopian sniper told the Mujahideen that he defected because of the debilitating conditions in the Ethiopian military camps and he's now eager to embrace Islam.
A team of Al-Shabaab's intelligence was dispatched to Yurkud to assess the actual situation and to get the Ethiopian man to a safer place.
At last, Alhamdulillah, the defecting Ethiopian soldier embraced Islam, Al-Shabaab reported through HSM Press on Sunday (20/5).
He is now named Abdullah, greeted by thousands of Muslims of Somalia and of course now he is a part of Muslim family around the world.
This Shouldn't Be So Shocking
According to the latest 2007 national census, Islam is the second-most widely practised religion in Ethiopia after Christianity, with over 25 million (or 34%) of Ethiopians adhering to Islam. Islam arrived in Ethiopia in 615 after the Christian ruler of Axum granted refuge and freedom to practice religion for the muslims from Mecca who were being persecuted by the Ruling tribe of the Quraysh.
The Quraysh pleaded for the ruler of Axum to return the muslims but he refused due to the similarities and links between Christianity and Islam.
SOMALIA – In the fighting in the region of Taabto on Friday (18/5/2012) night, 9 soldiers of kafir Kenya were killed and 9 others wounded. The kafir Kenyan forces in Somalia were getting increasingly overwhelmed because of the incessant attacks of the Mujahideen and it was also due to the heavy rain that came down, thus weakening them.
Besides that, most of the troops of the Somalian regime (TFG) who lived with the kafir Kenyan forces in Taabto, escaped from their military bases and took shelters when the battle with the Mujahideen started.
Based on the report of the Mujahideen of Al-Shabaab through HSM Press, at least 200 militiamen of the TFG have left the Kenyan forces in just three months, along with their weapons, they abandoned those invader forces. They stated that they were disappointed with the Kenyan invasion – the failure to fight Al-Shabaab.
Out of those 200 militiamen, at least 30 TFG militiamen have surrendered to the Mujahideen and are in safety in the Kismayo district to start their new lives.
It appears that most of the TFG recruitments to join the coalition forces of the AMISOM in fighting the Mujahideen, are by means of coercion, so when they have a chance to escape, they would escape.
UN arms embargo on Somalia
In January 1992 Security Council resolution 733 (PDF) established an arms embargo on Somalia.
In June 2001 Security Council resolution 1356 allowed for exemptions to the embargo for supplies of non-lethal military equipment for use in humanitarian operations.
In July 2002 Security Council resolution 1425 (PDF) clarified the scope of the arms embargo, making clear that it prohibited the financing of arms acquisitions as well as the direct or indirect sale or supply of technical advice or military training.
In December 2006 Security Council resolution 1725 (PDF) partially lifted the UN arms embargo on Somalia. The resolution authorized the Intergovernmental Authority for Development (IGAD) and African Union member States to deploy a regional intervention force to protect Somalia's Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and to arm and train the TFG security forces. The resolution maintains the existing embargo but states that its provisions do not apply to transfers of military equipment, technical training and assistance intended for the regional intervention force.
Security Council Resolution 1744 (PDF) of February 2007 limited the embargo to non-state actors. It allows the supply of weapons and military equipment intended solely for the purpose of helping develop Somali security sector institutions. The sanctions committee on Somalia must be notified in advance of such supplies and has the possibility to halt them.
In November 2008 Security Council Resolution 1844 (PDF) amended the arms embargo to target entities that have violated the arms embargo or obstructed the delivery of humanitarian assistance to or in Somalia.
In December 2009 the UN imposed an arms embargo on Eritrea, partly in response to reports that Eritrea had violated the arms embargo on Somalia. (For more in formation see the entry on the UN embargo on Eritrea)
How The Conflict Reaches People on the Streets of America
By Douglas McGill
The McGill Report
ROCHESTER, MN – Why did Minnesota became a breeding ground for young Somalis who take up arms with Somalia’s extremist militias?
We need to look first at Ethiopia.
Specifically, we need to scrutinize U.S. foreign policy towards Ethiopia, which the U.S. has supported with millions of dollars in annual aid for many years.
Connecting the dots is always hard in the Horn of Africa, and therefore also in Minnesota, which has one of the world’s largest diaspora populations from the Horn of Africa, including refugees from Ethiopia, Somalia, Eritrea, Sudan and Kenya.
Fortunately, a new policy paper from the Council on Foreign Relations does an excellent job of connecting the dots by drawing a bright line connecting U.S. financial and military support for Ethiopia to the rise of Islamist militant groups in Somalia, of the type that recently attracted 20 Somalis living in Minnesota to join.
Five of those young men have died in the fighting, and one of the largest domestic terrorism investigations ever in the U.S. is underway to determine how Somalis in Minnesota and other states are recruited to fight with Islamist Somali militias.
The connection to Minnesota is implicit in the CFR paper but deeply compelling. It is so because the report clarifies how U.S. support for Ethiopia is a key component – possibly the most critical one – contributing to the radicalization of young Somalis living both inside Somalia and in the global Somali diaspora, such as in Minnesota.
The paper’s very first sentences provide the context for that claim:
“U.S. strategic interests in the Horn of Africa center on preventing Somalia from becoming a safe haven for al-Qaeda or other transformational jihadist groups. In pursuing its counter-terror strategy, the United States has found common cause with Ethiopia … But the Ethiopian government’s behavior in recent years, both domestically and in bordering states, poses mounting difficulties for the United States and its long-term goals in the region.”
For many years, a firm partnership with Ethiopia has been the cornerstone of America’s presence in the Horn of Africa. In a global neighborhood where several countries – Sudan, Somalia and Eritrea – have either harbored (in the case of Eritrea) or been led by Islamists, Ethiopia is the one country that has openly declared its steadfast opposition to such groups. In return, it has received substantial U.S. aid annually, much of which is spent to support and train the Ethiopian army.
The present Ethiopian government, led by Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, came to power in 1991 by overthrowing the brutal regime of Mengistu Haile Mariam.
Initially, hopes ran high in Ethiopia that under Meles the country would peacefully unite in a multi-party democracy based on “ethnic federalism,” with the country divided into nine ethnic-based regional states. Instead, throughout the 1990s, the Meles government increasingly showed its willingness to suppress dissent through social and economic discrimination and sometimes through extreme violence.
The CFR paper cites numerous such examples, which since 2005 have become more frequent, overt and severe. That year, the Ethiopian army was deployed to violently put-down protests of suspected fraud in Ethiopian national elections. Uniformed Ethiopian troops in Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital, met the election’s protesters in the streets, detaining thousands, arresting hundreds, and killing dozens.
Not holding Ethiopia accountable for massive human rights abuses in the ethnic-Somali Ogaden region of Ethiopia, where Human Rights Watch and other groups have documented widespread crimes against humanity, has also cost the U.S. dearly throughout the region by cementing anti-American sentiment and encouraging extremism, the CFR report says.
The breakdown of legitimate rule in Ethiopia has progressed so far, the report says, that supporting Ethiopia may now be undermining America’s counter-terrorism goals in the Horn of Africa.
That is especially true with American efforts to eradicate Somalia Islamist extremism.
In 2006 and 2007, with significant U.S. financial and military support, the Ethiopian army invaded Somalia, ousting the country’s Islamist government and helping install a government that remains highly dependent on Ethiopian aid and direction.
When the U.S. helped replace Somalia’s Islamist government, using the Ethiopian army as a proxy for its own power, it served U.S. counter-terror goals in the Horn of Africa.
But that achievement may have come at too high a price, the CFR report says:
“U.S. reliance on Ethiopian military might and intelligence has served to exacerbate instability in Somalia. Ethiopia’s invasion of Somalia, and the extended presence of Ethiopian troops in Mogadishu, instead of quelling conflict, has triggered a local backlash that has served as a rallying point for local extremists.”
Which is precisely where the dots connect back to Minnesota:
“It was the development of a complex insurgency against Ethiopian occupation that effectively catapulted a fringe jihadist youth militia, the Shabaab, to power in Somalia. International jihadists have now capitalized on the local insurgency, and on U.S. support of the Ethiopian invasion, as an opportunity to globalize Somalia’s conflict.”
In other words, the anti-American backlash to the U.S.-supported Ethiopian invasion of Somalia was not only local within Somalia – it was global. It was Minnesotan.
Several journalistic accounts have established that many of the Somali men who left Minnesota to join the Shabaab were actually becoming well-assimilated to American society, holding down jobs, attending college, and planning professional careers.
It was only their outrage that their homeland had been invaded by U.S.-supported Ethiopia that stirred them to abandon Minnesota to fight halfway around the world.
Ours is a world without borders to the flow of money, arms, soldiers and suffering.
Our individual actions and collective policies should flow from that fact.
In: Other Middle East
Tags: AMISOM, Ethiopian, Sniper, Defect, Mujahideen, Shabaab, Imirat, Isalmiyya, Soomaliya, Embrace, Islam, Acceptence, Shahadah, US, Foreign, Policy, Failure, Drone, Strike, Proxy, War,
Location: Somalia (load item map)
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