Luník IX is a borough in the city of Košice, Slovakia, in the Košice II district. It is located in the western-central part of the city, surrounded by the boroughs of Pereš, Myslava, Barca, Juh and Západ.
The borough was originally built as a neighbourhood for army, police
officers and Roma (called "neighbourhood of ABC type"). However, a Roma
village close to the borough was demolished in 1979 and the Roma were
moved into Luník IX; in addition, there was a landfill nearby. As early as in the 1980s the Roma were making up half of the population, which was around 2,000.
Over time, the non-Roma population gradually moved away, with the Roma
taking flats after them, and the borough turned into a Roma ghetto.
In 1995, the city council of Košice created a conception for the
living conditions of dodgers, maladjusted and people from illegally
occupied flats around Košice.They were to be moved into Luník IX, with “non-problematic” families
being gradually moved out of it, if they would request. The realization
of this plan is on-going.
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