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Is it not true that prophet muhammad (pbuh) has copied the qur’an from the bible?

Question

Is it not true that prophet muhammad (pbuh) has copied the qur’an from the bible?
Answer

Many critics allege that prophet muhummad (pbuh) himself was not the
author of the qur’an but he learnt it and/or plagiarised (copied or
adapted) it from other human sources or from previous scriptures or
revelations.
1. Muhummad learnt the qur’an from a roman blacksmith who was a Christian
Some
pagans accused the prophet of learning the qur’an from a roman
blacksmith, who was a christian staying at the outskirts of makkah. The
prophet very often used to go and watch him do his work. A revelation of
the qur’an was sufficient to dismiss this charge - the qur’an says in
surah an-nahl chapter 16 verse 103:

"we know indeed that they say, ‘it is a man that teaches him,’ the
tongue of him they wickedly point to is notably foreign, while this is
arabic, pure and clear."

[al-qur’an 16:103]

How could a person whose mother tongue was foreign and could hardly
speak little but of poor broken arabic be the source of the qur’an which
is pure, eloquent, fine arabic? To believe that the blacksmith taught
the prophet the qur’an is some what similar to believing that a chinese
immigrant to england, who did not know proper english, taught
shakespeare.

2. Muhummad (pbuh) learnt from waraqa - the relative of khadijah (ra)


Muhummad’s
(pbuh) contacts with the jewish and christian scholars were very
limited. The most prominent christian known to him was an old blind man
called waraqa ibn-naufal who was a relative of the prophet’s first wife
khadijah (r.a.). Although of arab descent, he was a convert to
christianity and was very well versed with the new testament. The
prophet only met him twice, first when waraqa was worshipping at the
kaaba (before the prophetic mission) and he kissed the prophet’s
forehead affectionately; the second occasion was when the prophet went
to meet waraqa after receiving the first revelation. Waraqa died three
years later and the revelation continued for about 23 years. It is
ridiculous to assume that waraqa was the source of the contents of the
qur’an.

3. Prophet’s religious discussions with the jews and Christians


It
is true that the prophet did have religious discussions with the jews
and christians but they took place in madinah more than 13 years after
the revelation of the qur’an had started. The allegation that these jews
and christians were the source is perverse, since in these discussions
prophet muhammad (pbuh) was performing the roles of a teacher and of a
preacher while inviting them to embrace islam and pointing out that they
had deviated from their true teachings of monotheism. Several of these
jews and christians later embraced islam.

4. The prophet learnt the qur’an from those jews and christians that he met outside Arabia


All historical records available show that muhummad (pbuh) had made only three trips outside makkah before his prophethood:


At the age of 9 he accompanied his mother to madinah.[/*]Between the age of 9 and 12, he accompanied his uncle abu-talib on a business trip to syria.[/*]At the age of 25 he led khadija’s caravan to syria.[/*][/list]
It
is highly imaginary to assume that the qur’an resulted from the
occasional chats and meetings with the christians or jews from any of
the above three trips.




5. Logical grounds to prove that the prophet did not learn the qur’an from jews or hristians


The
day-to-day life of the prophet was an open book for all to see. In
fact a revelation came asking people to give the prophet (pbuh)
privacy in his own home. If the prophet had been meeting people who
told him what to say as a revelation from god, this would not have
been hidden for very long.[/*]The
extremely prominent quraish nobles who followed the prophet and
accepted islam were wise and intelligent men who would have easily
noticed anything suspicious about the way in which the prophet
brought the revelations to them - more so since the prophetic
mission lasted 23 years.[/*]The
enemies of the prophet kept a close watch on him in order to find
proof for their claim that he was a liar - they could not point out
even a single instance when the prophet may have had a secret
rendezvous with particular jews and christians.[/*]It
is inconceivable that any human author of the qur’an would have
accepted a situation in which he received no credit whatsoever for
originating the qur’an.[/*][/list]
Thus, historically and logically it cannot be established that there was a human source for the qur’an.




6. Muhummad (pbuh) was an illiterate





The
theory that muhummad (pbuh) authored the qur’an or copied from other
sources can be disproved by the single historical fact that he was
illiterate.

Allah testifies himself in the qur’an

in surah al-ankabut chapter no.29 verse 48

"and thou was not (able) to recite a book before this (book came), nor
art thou (able) to transcribe it with thy right hand: in that case,
indeed, would the talkers of vanities have doubted."

[al-qur’an 29:48]



Allah (swt) knew that many would doubt the authenticity of the qur’an
and would ascribe it to prophet muhummad (pbuh). Therefore allah in his
divine wisdom chose the last and final messenger to be an ‘ummi’, i.e.
Unlettered, so that the talkers of vanity would not then have the
slightest justification to doubt the prophet. The accusation of his
enemies that he had copied the qur’an from other sources and rehashed it
all in a beautiful language might have carried some weight, but even
this flimsy pretence has been deprived to the unbeliever and the cynic.

Allah reconfirms in the qur’an in surah al a’raf chapter 7 verse 157:

"those who follow the messenger, the unlettered prophet, whom they find
mentioned in their own (scriptures) in the law and the gospel"

The prophecy of coming of the unlettered prophet (pbuh) is also
mentioned in the bible in the book of isaiah chapter 29 verse 12.

"and the book is delivered to him that is not learned."

[isaiah 29:12]

The qur’an testifies in no less than four different places that the
prophet (pbuh) was illiterate. It is also mentioned in surah a’raf
chapter 7 verse 158 and in surah al-jumu’a chapter 62 verse 2.



7. Arabic version of the bible was not present




The
arabic version of the bible was not present at the time of prophet
muhummad (pbuh). The earliest arabic version of the old testament is
that of r. Saadias gaon of 900 c.e. - more than 250 years after the
death of our beloved prophet. The oldest arabic version of the new
testament was published by erpenius in 1616 c.e. - about a thousand
years after the demise of our prophet.



8. Similarities in the qur’an and the bible due to common source



Similarities
between the qur’an and the bible does not necessarily mean that the
former has been copied from the latter. In fact it gives evidence that
both of them are based on a common third source; all divine revelations
came from the same source - the one universal god. No matter what human
changes were introduced into some of these judeo-christian and other
older religious scriptures that had distorted their originality, there
are some areas that have remained free from distortion and thus are
common to many religions.

It is true that there are some similar parallels between the qur’an and
the bible but this is not sufficient to accuse muhummad (pbuh) of
compiling or copying from the bible. The same logic would then also be
applicable to teachings of christianity and judaism and thus one could
wrongly claim that jesus (pbuh) was not a genuine prophet (god forbid)
and that he simply copied from the old testament.

The similarities between the two signify a common source that is one
true god and the continuation of the basic message of monotheism and not
that the later prophets have plagiarised from the previous prophets.

If someone copies during an examination he will surely not write in the
answer sheet that he has copied from his neighbour or mr. Xyz. Prophet
muhummad (pbuh) gave due respect and credit to all the previous prophets
(pbut). The qur’an also mentions the various revelations given by
almighty god to different prophets.




9. Muslims believe in the taurah, zaboor, injeel and qur’an

Four revelations of allah (swt) are mentioned by name in the qur’an: the taurah, the zaboor, the injeel and the qur’an.

Taurah, the revelation i.e. The wahi given to moosa (a. S.) I.e. Moses (pbuh).

Zaboor, the revelation i.e. The wahi given to dawood (a.s.) I.e. David (pbuh).

Injeel, the revelation i.e. The wahi given to isa (a.s.) ie. Jesus (pbuh).

‘al-qur’an’, the last and final wahi i.e. Revelation given to the last and final messenger muhammad (pbuh).

It is an article of faith for every muslim to believe in all the
prophets of god and all revelations of god. However, the present day
bible has the first five books of the old testament attributed to moses
and the psalms attributed to david. Moreover the new testament or the
four gospels of the new testament are not the taurah, the zaboor or the
injeel, which the qur’an refers to. These books of the present day bible
may partly contain the word of god but these books are certainly not
the exact, accurate and complete revelations given to the prophets.

The qur’an presents all the different prophets of allah as belonging to
one single brotherhood; all had a similar prophetic mission and the same
basic message. Because of this, the fundamental teachings of the major
faiths cannot be contradictory, even if there has been a considerable
passage of time between the different prophetic missions, because the
source of these missions was one: almighty god, allah. This is why the
qur’an says that the differences which exist between various religions
are not the responsibility of the prophets, but of the followers of
these prophets who forgot part of what they had been taught, and
furthermore, misinterpreted and changed the scriptures. The qur’an
cannot therefore be seen as a scripture which competes with the
teachings of moses, jesus and the other prophets. On the contrary, it
confirms, completes and perfects the messages that they brought to their
people.

Another name for the qur’an is the ‘the furqan’ which means the criteria
to judge the right from the wrong, and it is on the basis of the qur’an
that we can decipher which part of the previous scriptures can be
considered to be the word of god.



10. Scientific comparison between qur’an and bible


If
you glance through the bible and the qur’an you may find several points
which appear to be exactly the same in both of them, but when you
analyse them closely, you realise that there is a difference of ‘chalk
and cheese’ between them. Only based on historical details it is
difficult for someone who is neither conversant with christianity or
islam to come to a firm decision as to which of the scriptures is true;
however if you verify the relevant passages of both the scriptures
against scientific knowledge, you will yourself realize the truth.
Creation of the universe in six days

as per the bible, in the first book of genesis in chapter one, the
universe was created in six days and each day is defined as a
twenty-four hours period. Even though the qur’an mentions that the
universe was created in six ‘ayyaams’, ‘ayyaam’ is the plural of
years; this word has two meanings: firstly, it means a standard
twenty-four hours period i.e. A day, and secondly, it also means
stage, period or epoch which is a very long period of time. [/*][/list]
When
the qur’an mentions that the universe was created in six ‘ayyaams’, it
refers to the creation of the heavens and the earth in six long periods
or epochs; scientists have no objection to this statement. The creation
of the universe has taken billions of years, which proves false or
contradicts the concept of the bible which states that the creation of
the universe took six days of twenty-four hour durations each.
Sun created after the day

the bible says in chapter 1, verses 3-5, of genesis that the
phenomenon of day and night was created on the first day of
creation of the universe by god. The light circulating in the
universe is the result of a complex reaction in the stars; these
stars were created according to the bible (genesis chapter 1 verse
14 to 19) on the fourth day. It is illogical to mention the result
that is the light (the phenomenon of day and night) was created on
the first day of creation when the cause or source of the light was
created three days later. Moreover the existence of evening and morning
as elements of a single day is only conceivable after the creation
of the earth and its rotation around the sun. In contrast with the
contents of the bible on this issue, the qur’an does not give any
unscientific sequence of creation. Hence it is absolutely absurd to
say that prophet muhummad (pbuh) copied the passages pertaining to
the creation of the universe from the bible but missed out this
illogical and fantastic sequence of the bible.



[/*]Creation of the sun, the earth and the moon

according to the bible, book of genesis, chapter 1, verses 9 to 13,
the earth was created on the third day, and as per verses 14 to 19,
the sun and the moon were created on the fourth day. The earth and
the moon emanated, as we know, from their original star, the sun.
Hence to place the creation of the sun and the moon after the
creation of the earth is contrary to the established idea about the
formation of the solar system.



[/*]Vegetation created on the third day and sun on the fourth day

according to the bible, book of genesis, chapter 1, verses 11-13,
vegetation was created on the third day along with seed-bearing
grasses, plants and trees; and further on as per verses 14-19, the
sun was created on the fourth day. How is it scientifically
possible for the vegetation to have appeared without the presence
of the sun, as has been stated in the bible?[/*][/list]
If
prophet muhummad (pbuh) was indeed the author of the qur’an and had
copied its contents from the bible, how did he manage to avoid the
factual errors that the bible contains? The qur’an does not contain any
statements which are incompatible with scientific facts.
The sun and the moon both emit light

according
to the bible both the sun and the moon emit their own light. In
the book of genesis, chapter 1, verse 16 says, "and god made two
great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser
light to rule the night".[/*][/list]
Science
tells us today that the moon does not have its own light. This confirms
the qur’anic concept that the light of the moon is a reflected light.
To think that 1400 years ago, prophet muhummad (pbuh) corrected these
scientific errors in the bible and then copied such corrected passages
in the qur’an is to think of something impossible.



11. Adam (pbuh), the first man on earth, lived 5,800 years agoAs
per the genealogy of jesus christ given in the bible, from jesus
through abraham (pbuh) to the first man on earth i.e. Adam (pbuh), adam
appeared on the earth approximately 5800 years ago:
1948 years between adam (pbuh) and abraham (pbuh)[/*]Approximately 1800 years between abraham (pbuh) and jesus (pbuh)[/*]2000 years from jesus (pbuh) till today[/*][/list]
These figures are further confused by the fact that the jewish calendar is currently on or about 5800 years old.

There is sufficient evidence from archaeological and anthropological
sources to suggest that the first human being on earth was present tens
of thousands of years ago and not merely 5,800 years ago as is suggested
by the bible.

The qur’an too speaks about adam (pbuh) as the first man on earth but it
does not suggest any date or period of his life on earth, unlike the
bible - what the bible says in this regard is totally incompatible with
science.

12. Noah (pbuh) and the floodThe
biblical description of the flood in genesis chapter 6, 7 and 8
indicates that the deluge was universal and it destroyed every living
thing on earth, except those present with noah (pbuh) in the ark. The
description suggests that the event took place 1656 years after the
creation of adam (pbuh) or 292 years before the birth of abraham, at a
time when noah (pbuh) was 600 years old. Thus the flood may have
occurred in the 21st or 22nd century b.c.

This story of the flood, as given in the bible, contradicts scientific
evidence from archaelogical sources which indicate that the eleventh
dynasty in egypt and the third dynasty in babylonia were in existence
without any break in civilisation and in a manner totally unaffected by
any major calamity which may have occurred in the 21st century b.c. this
contradicts the biblical story that the whole world had been immersed
in the flood water. In contrast to this, the qur’anic presentation of
the story of noah and the flood does not conflict with scientific
evidence or archaeological data; firstly, the qur’an does not indicate
any specific date or year of the occurance of that event, and secondly,
according to the qur’an the flood was not a universal phenomenon which
destroyed complete life on earth. In fact the qur’an specifically
mentions that the flood was a localised event only involving the people
of noah.

It is illogical to assume that prophet muhummad (pbuh) had borrowed the
story of the flood from the bible and corrected the mistakes before
mentioning it in the qur’an.



13. Moses (pbuh) and pharaoh of the exodus

The
story of moses (pbuh) and the pharaoh of the exodus are very much
identical in the qur’an and the bible. Both scriptures agree that the
pharaoh drowned when he tried to pursue moses (pbuh) and led the
israelites across a stretch of water that they crossed. The qur’an gives
an additional piece of information in surah yunus chapter 10 verse 92:

"this day shall we save thee in thy body, that thou mayest be a sign to
those who come after thee! But verily, many among mankind are heedless
of our signs!"

[al-qur’an 10:92]

Dr. Maurice bucaille, after a thorough research proved that although
rameses ii was known to have persecuted the israelites as per the bible,
he actually died while moses (pbuh) was taking refuge in median.
Rameses ii’s son merneptah who succeeded him as pharaoh drowned during
the exodus. In 1898, the mummified body of merneptah was found in the
valley of kings in egypt. In 1975, dr. Maurice bucaille with other
doctors received permission to examine the mummy of merneptah, the
findings of which proved that merneptah probably died from drowning or a
violent shock which immediately preceeded the moment of drowning. Thus
the qur’anic verse that we shall save his body as a sign, has been
fulfilled by the pharaohs’ body being kept at the royal mummies room in
the egyptian museum in cairo.

This verse of the qur’an compelled dr. Maurice bucaille, who was a
christian then, to study the qur’an. He later wrote a book ‘the bible,
the qur’an and science’, and confessed that the author of the qur’an can
be no one else besides god himself. Thus he embraced islam.




14. Qur’an is a book from allah


These
evidences are sufficient to conclude that the qur’an was not copied
from the bible, but that the qur’an is the furqaan - ‘the criteria’ to
judge right from wrong and it should be used to decipher which portion
of the bible may be considered as the word of god.

The qur’an itself testifies in surah sajda chapter 32 verse 1 to 3

Alif laam meem.

(this is) the revelation of the book in which there is no doubt – from the lord of the worlds.

Or do they say, ‘he has forged it’? Nay, it is the truth from thy lord,
that thou mayest admonish a people to whom no warner has come before
thee: in order that they may receive guidance."

[al-qur’an 32:1-3]


Added: Feb-11-2012 Occurred On: Feb-11-2012
By: omer bhatti
In:
Religion
Tags: islam, christanity, Quran, bible
Views: 4737 | Comments: 13 | Votes: 0 | Favorites: 0 | Shared: 0 | Updates: 0 | Times used in channels: 1
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  • Sorry, but Mohamad did copy things and events that happened before him.
    Thats obvious!

    Posted Feb-11-2012 By 

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    • @Freejay ....Quoting references from history through Prophet's ahadis (sayings of propht) should not be considered pledgrism....just measure things & don't invest energy on criticism only!....my message 2 all...always invest your energy & time in measuring & not in critisizing or speeking bullshit....for all those who speak rubbish, i bet i can speak ill about you people more than any thing but im not here to create mess rather to argue...!

      Posted Feb-12-2012 By 

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  • Why is there so much food at a Muslim wedding?







    To keep the flies off the bride.

    Posted Feb-11-2012 By 

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  • It is true the "prophet" mohamad was a pedophile

    Posted Feb-11-2012 By 

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  • no one gives 2 shits about the stinking quran. piss be upon him. pedophile.

    Posted Feb-11-2012 By 

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  • But it is TRUE that Muhammad sucked dick and REALLY loved being fucked by dogs.

    Posted Feb-11-2012 By 

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  • it's religion...the bullshit on paper, nothing else.

    Posted Feb-11-2012 By 

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  • No, he didnt. Simply because he didnt exist. Just like god, he didnt exist either. Some people needed a way to control the other people (the 99%), and invented a scary allmighty being. They wrote down impressive stories about this being, in order to let other guys preach to the 99% about it and convince them to surrender to their "beliefs". Some arabs thought this was cool, and created their own version of it all.

    Posted Feb-11-2012 By 

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  • Evil is simply the absence of God. It is just like darkness and cold, a word that man has created to describe the absence of God. God did not create evil. Evil is not like faith, or love, that exist just as does light and heat. Evil is the result of what happens when man does not have God's love present in his heart. It's like the cold that comes when there is no heat or the darkness that comes when there is no light

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  • sad ppl need to insert their religions into others' religions.

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  • The Prophet Muhammad freedom with him didn't copied the Bible because he was an analphaphet, the Arcangel Gabriel brings the Quran to prophet Muhammad through revelation some of the Verses from Bible is similar to the Quran because is from the same Source from ALLAH , who is sending before Muhammad David , moses , jesus and a lot of another prophets. The bible today was edited by some priests the quran isn't changed over 1400 years its original and nobody can change it. I am wondering the christ More..

    Posted Feb-12-2012 By 

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  • The koran is a bad copy of of lots of bad ideas that were around at the time of its writing.
    So bad is the koran that if a small child had writen it for homework from school it would get an "F" for fail as it is so stupid and contradictory that it would be classed as a fairy story for dimwits.

    Posted Mar-9-2012 By 

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