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Ex-Soviet submarine facility opens for tourism

Naval museum complex Balaklava (Ukrainian: Морський музейний комплекс "Балаклава") is an underground base submarines in Balaklava (Object 825 GTS), top-secret military facility during the Cold War, located in Balaklava bay. At the present time it is one of the most important declassified military facilities on the territory of the former USSR.
The object is the construction of the first category of anti-nuclear protection (protection from a direct hit by a nuclear bomb capacity of 100 Kt), which includes a combined underground water channel with a dry dock, repair shops, warehouses for storage of torpedoes and other weapons. Located in the mountain Tavros, on both sides of which there are two exits. From the side of the bay - the entrance to the tunnel. If necessary, it overrides caisson, which ash air and floated up. To exit to the open sea was equipped with a release on the northern side of the mountain, which also shut off botoportom. Two holes in the rock are neatly covered with camouflage devices and networks.

Object 825 GTS, for service which was formed 155 Brigade of submarines designed for the repair and maintenance of submarines, 613th and 633rd projects, as well as for the storage of ammunition for these submarines. In the central tunnel (length 602 meter) facility could accommodate 7 subs showing which projects, if necessary, in all the galleries - to 14 submarines of different classes. Material handling equipment in peacetime carried out on the pier, taking into account the movement of spy satellites potential enemy. When loading a nuclear threat was to be exercised within the database through a special tunnel. The arsenal also stored nuclear weapons, which served only to officers. The temperature inside the base is kept around 15 degrees.
History
In the period after the Second World War, the two superpowers - the USSR and the U.S. stepped up its nuclear arsenal, threatening each other pre-emptive strikes and retaliatory strikes. It was then that Stalin gave Beria (who was responsible at that time "nuclear project"), a secret directive: to find a place where they could be based submarines for a retaliatory nuclear strike. After several years of research the choice fell on the quiet Balaklava: city immediately classified. Balaklava was chosen for the construction of the underground complex is not accidental. Narrow winding strait width of only 200-400 m. harbor harbor not only from storms, but also from prying eyes - from the open sea it is not visible under any angle.

In 1957 it established a special building department number 528, which is directly engaged in the construction of underground facilities. The underground complex was built 4 years - from 1957 to 1961. When building was removed about 120 tons of rock. To ensure the removal of secrecy was made at night on the barge in the open sea. Build a project first military and then metrostroevtsy that was due to the difficulty of drilling the rock. After closing in 1993, most of the complex is not guarded. In 2000, in fact looted facility was handed over to the naval forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

The museum was founded according to the order of the State Secretary of the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine of 30 December 2002 on the establishment of a branch of the Central Museum of Armed Forces of Ukraine - Naval museum complex "Balaklava." After converting an object into a branch of the Central Museum of Armed Forces of Ukraine has begun a new phase in its history . In the naval museum complex includes the underground portion of the plant, an arsenal, as well as marine pier and several buildings. The opening of the branch was held on June 1, 2003 to inspect the open area around the artificial canal, which passes through the mountain, several shops of the plant and the arsenal, where stored torpedoes and nuclear warheads.

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Added: Aug-29-2010 Occurred On: Aug-29-2010
By: Necrosis
In:
Arts and Entertainment, Other, Arts and Entertainment, Other
Tags: Balaklava, submarine, facility, bunker.cold war, necrosis, tourism, ukraine, soviet,
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