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Homophobic? Maybe You’re Gay..

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/29/opinion/sunday/homophobic-maybe-youre-gay.html?nl=todaysheadlines&;emc=edit_th_20120429

Homophobic? Maybe You’re Gay By RICHARD M. RYAN and WILLIAM S. RYAN




WHY are political and religious figures who campaign against gay rights
so often implicated in sexual encounters with same-sex partners?

In recent years, Ted Haggard, an evangelical leader who preached that
homosexuality was a sin, resigned after a scandal involving a former
male prostitute; Larry Craig, a United States senator who opposed
including sexual orientation in hate-crime legislation, was arrested on
suspicion of lewd conduct in a men’s bathroom; and Glenn Murphy Jr., a
leader of the Young Republican National Convention and an opponent of
same-sex marriage, pleaded guilty to a lesser charge after being accused
of sexually assaulting another man.

One theory is that homosexual urges, when repressed out of shame or
fear, can be expressed as homophobia. Freud famously called this process
a “reaction formation” — the angry battle against the outward symbol of
feelings that are inwardly being stifled. Even Mr. Haggard seemed to
endorse this idea when, apologizing after his scandal for his anti-gay
rhetoric, he said, “I think I was partially so vehement because of my
own war.”
It’s a compelling theory — and now there is scientific reason to believe
it. In this month’s issue of the Journal of Personality and Social
Psychology, we and our fellow researchers provide empirical evidence that homophobia can result, at least in part, from the suppression of same-sex desire.

Our paper describes six studies conducted in the United States and
Germany involving 784 university students. Participants rated their
sexual orientation on a 10-point scale, ranging from gay to straight.
Then they took a computer-administered test designed to measure their implicit sexual
orientation. In the test, the participants were shown images and words
indicative of hetero- and homosexuality (pictures of same-sex and
straight couples, words like “homosexual” and “gay”) and were asked to
sort them into the appropriate category, gay or straight, as quickly as
possible. The computer measured their reaction times.
The twist was that before each word and image appeared, the word “me” or
“other” was flashed on the screen for 35 milliseconds — long enough for
participants to subliminally process the word but short enough that
they could not consciously see it. The theory here, known as semantic
association, is that when “me” precedes words or images that reflect
your sexual orientation (for example, heterosexual images for a straight
person), you will sort these images into the correct category faster
than when “me” precedes words or images that are incongruent with your
sexual orientation (for example, homosexual images for a straight
person). This technique, adapted from similar tests used to assess
attitudes like subconscious racial bias, reliably distinguishes between
self-identified straight individuals and those who self-identify as
lesbian, gay or bisexual.

Using this methodology we identified a subgroup of participants who,
despite self-identifying as highly straight, indicated some level of
same-sex attraction (that is, they associated “me” with gay-related
words and pictures faster than they associated “me” with
straight-related words and pictures). Over 20 percent of self-described
highly straight individuals showed this discrepancy.
Notably, these “discrepant” individuals were also significantly more
likely than other participants to favor anti-gay policies; to be willing
to assign significantly harsher punishments to perpetrators of petty
crimes if they were presumed to be homosexual; and to express greater
implicit hostility toward gay subjects (also measured with the help of
subliminal priming). Thus our research suggests that some who oppose
homosexuality do tacitly harbor same-sex attraction.
What leads to this repression? We found that participants who reported
having supportive and accepting parents were more in touch with their
implicit sexual orientation and less susceptible to homophobia.
Individuals whose sexual identity was at odds with their implicit sexual
attraction were much more frequently raised by parents perceived to be
controlling, less accepting and more prejudiced against homosexuals.

It’s important to stress the obvious: Not all those who campaign against
gay men and lesbians secretly feel same-sex attractions. But at least
some who oppose homosexuality are likely to be individuals struggling
against parts of themselves, having themselves been victims of
oppression and lack of acceptance. The costs are great, not only for the
targets of anti-gay efforts but also often for the perpetrators. We
would do well to remember that all involved deserve our compassion.

Richard M. Ryan
is a professor of psychology, psychiatry and education at the
University of Rochester. William S. Ryan is a doctoral student in
psychology at the University of California, Santa Barbara.


Added: Apr-29-2012 Occurred On: Apr-29-2012
By: allyssa
In:
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Tags: ny times, homophobia,
Location: United States (load item map)
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  • The language here is garbage. Just because one is against homosexuality doesn't mean that they are "afraid" or have a phobia of homosexuality. Some believe it to be wrong, have seen the difficulty that it brings to lives and therefore hope that others can avoid its snare (see lady-boys here in Thailand). Those who think that others that oppose them have a "phobia" are ignorant themselves.

    Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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  • that, or maybe you just think its gross and unnatural.

    not everyone has to buy off on the gay culture.

    Not afraid of it, just don't agree with it.

    There is a difference.

    Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

    (6) | Report

  • If you are afraid of bears.... You may be a bear, and just don't know it yet.

    Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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    • Comment of user 'MB-UK' has been deleted by author (after account deletion)!
  • according to this logic, if you hate conservatives, you just might be a conservative.

    Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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  • What a load of garbage

    Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

    (5) | Report

  • Homophobic means you are secretly gay?

    If we are talking about a very small miniority that wouldnt surprise me!


    But to say most or all homophobes are gay, is like saying all islamophobics are secretly muslims!

    LOL!!! Most phobias form because we dont have any understanding of that which we are afraid of or disagree with.

    Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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  • "Homophobia" is just progressive vocabulary to describe anything homosexuals don't like.

    Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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  • Comment of user 'MB-UK' has been deleted by author (after account deletion)!
  • Shee-it. More liberal propoganda disguised as "science".

    Watching hot lesbain action and getting a hard-on doesn't mean I'm a queer. On the contrary, it merely verifies that I'm a straight dude.

    Suck it libs.

    Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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    • @staxman
      Whats it got to do with politics, plenty knob jockeys are republican.

      http://www.gayrepublicans.org/

      Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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    • @Brian Stewart What do random fag Republicans have to do with my post? Regardless of their stated political affiliation, fags only belong to one "party", the Queer party.

      Oh wait, I got it. You're stating that every Liberal is a Democrat. May I thus infer that every Democrat (and therefore every Liberal) is a fag? When I think about their belief system, it does kinda make sense.

      If it makes you feel better, I'll correct my final blurb:

      Suck it Democrats.

      Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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    • @Brian Stewart BTW, despite the levity/sarcasm of my previous comment, thank you for at least providing a factual reference (website) to your post. You're breaking the Left's paradigm by actually offering data vs invective...

      Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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    • @staxman
      I'm not an American or a hairdresser, you guys seem to have an overt hatred of any political viewpoint which you don't share.

      Just like Bill O'Reilly you talk over and don't listen to any discussion you are involved in.

      Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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    • @staxman They try so hard don't they,the best way to overcome racism is to enforce racist affirmative action policies they think. Liberals are spinless cowards.

      Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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  • I'm Hobo-phobic.

    Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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  • Thats a nasty sin!

    Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

    (3) | Report

  • Comment of user 'dakine' has been deleted by author (after account deletion)!
  • Comment of user 'Zardoz003' has been deleted by author (after account deletion)!
    • @Zardoz003
      Hate to break this to you (perhaps your parents ducked that talk about the birds and the bees?)
      But gay people have kids, too.

      Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

      (-2) | Report

    • @Zardoz003 Disagree. Homosexuality exists all across the animal kingdom, we're not unique.

      Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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    • Comment of user 'MB-UK' has been deleted by author (after account deletion)!
    • @allyssa I think maybe you missed that birds and bees talk. Show me ONE birth as a result of a guy getting fucked in the ass.

      Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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    • Comment of user 'Zardoz003' has been deleted by author (after account deletion)!
  • Ted Haggard is just plain hypocrisy, like the liberals who say they are against guns but have armed security. Both are examples of elitist do as I say not as I do hypocrisy.

    If I say I'm against affirmative action does that make me a closet minority?

    Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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  • Right. The Liberal agenda never ceases to amaze me. "I know, let's have a couple of homosexuals conduct a study that proves homophobes are secretly denying their gayness...that will shut them up."

    GAY

    Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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  • Comment of user 'IIVXTII' has been deleted by author (after account deletion)!
    • @IIVXTII
      You are a conservative, you have to hate everyone who is not white and Christian, that is your duty.

      Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

      (-3) | Report

    • Comment of user 'MB-UK' has been deleted by author (after account deletion)!
    • @MB-UK no...they were for preserving the union. Slavery was only secondary. Most Dixiecrats became republicans after the civil rights act.

      Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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    • Comment of user 'MB-UK' has been deleted by author (after account deletion)!
  • Homophobic? Maybe You’re Gay?

    Oh so people who like gays must not be. Makes sense. lol

    Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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  • Liberal's are as full of shit as the ass's that the gay's plumb.

    If you're gay fine I don't care, but just don't push your life-style on me, and keep your hands off kid's.

    Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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  • Your Mom is gay, and that's NOT your Dad.

    Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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  • Hey it's a theory. Calm down boys!
    There's way too much macho heterosexual posturing going on here. .... unless it's true? lol

    Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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    • Comment of user 'Zardoz003' has been deleted by author (after account deletion)!
    • Comment of user 'IIVXTII' has been deleted by author (after account deletion)!
  • Maybe you're an idiot.

    Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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  • I think worms are disgusting...am I a worm?

    Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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  • Comment of user 'dmorgan0628' has been deleted by author (after account deletion)!
  • Actaually, Homosexual preference is a genetic defect inhereted form reproductive cells that got the wrong Chromosome segments for sexual preference.
    "Nature" knows they are genetic defectives and doesn't want them to reproduce.
    A heterosexual male with "normal" chromosomes is naturally repulsed and disgusted by the mutan's deviate behavior, the way chickens are repulsed by one of their own with deformed legs, or two heads, and kill it. "Normal" people are disguted c More..

    Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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    • Comment of user 'MB-UK' has been deleted by author (after account deletion)!
    • @grunt They have been pulling this crap since the 70's. I went along with it. Then in the 80's I came across some real moes because they had the best drugs on the planet.. Then I realized that there was a perversion here and to say because it was abhorrent to me I was some how perverted or one of them? Nice try.

      Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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    • @grunt
      My doctor says I have a genetic problem with listening to lies......BULL CRAPT!!!

      NOT FACT and GET A CLUE !!!
      I'm sure next year they'll find a genetic reason that you should vote for Obama !!

      Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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    • @grunt Oh hey, another fascist conservative calling for the extermination of a minority. Welcome to LiveLeak you Nazi fuck, you'll find yourself well received by the other Nazi fucks who post here.

      Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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    • @BarrySoetoro
      Yes,we heard about you cruiing around in limos smoking crack and having sex with homo streethustlers, as well as your membership in the Gay bathhouse. Did your biological father/role model/ incestuous pedophile lover Frank Marshall Davis initiate you into embracing you homo tendencies?

      Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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  • i hate gays and im certainly aint gay.

    Posted Apr-29-2012 By 

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