Hart-Davis, Jopson and other experts that examine the ideas and inventions that emerged from Ancient India.
Water clocks to regulate Buddhist meditations are discovered and recreated by Jopson for demonstration.
Observatories, like the 18th century Jantar Mantar, precisely monitored the sun for more accurate measurements of time.
Harappan cities, like the 4,000 year old Dholavira were built to a grid-plan and boasted the world's first sewage system.
Indian numerals, including the number zero discovered in a 9th century temple, revolutionised modern mathematics.
cultivated, woven and coloured with traditional techniques taught to
Darling by local workers for export all over the world.
Metalworking resulted in wonders like the iron pillar visited by Darling and Wootz steel.
Yoga as demonstrated by Darling developed 4,000 years ago to unite the spiritual and the physical.
Herbal remedies, using ingredients such as cocoa butter, ginseng and ginger, have been adopted into Western medicine.
Surgery, including early plastic surgery, developed some 2,500 years ago.
Inoculation against smallpox, as demonstrated by Davis on Jompson, emerged centuries before Edward Jenner.
Chess is a simplified version of the ancient Indian game of military strategy chaturanga.
Rockets demonstrated at the Royal Artillery Museum were first deployed against the British Army by the Tipu Sultan in 1780.
A military tactic developed by Tippu Sultan and his father, Haidar Ali
was the use of mass attacks with Rocket artillery brigades on infantry
formations. Tippu Sultan wrote a military manual called Fathul Mujahidin
in which 200 rocket men were prescribed to each Mysorean "cushoon"
(brigade). Mysore had 16 to 24 cushoons of infantry. The areas of town
where rockets and fireworks were manufactured were known as Taramandal
Pet ("Galaxy Market").
The rocket men were trained to launch
their rockets at an angle calculated from the diameter of the cylinder
and the distance of the target. In addition, wheeled rocket launchers
capable of launching five to ten rockets almost simultaneously were used
in war. Rockets could be of various sizes, but usually consisted of a
tube of soft hammered iron about 8 inches long and 1.5 to 3 inches
diameter, closed at one end and strapped to a shaft of bamboo about 4 ft
long. The iron tube acted as a combustion chamber and contained well
packed black powder propellant. A rocket carrying about one pound of
powder could travel almost 1,000 yards. In contrast, rockets in Europe
not being iron cased, could not take large chamber pressures and as a
consequence, were not capable of reaching distances anywhere near as
Tipu Sultan Last obstacle for British
Rule 1750 - 1799 rockets artillary weapons.
After the defeat of Tipu sultan the Britishers copied the same design.
References to the "The Star-Spangled Banner" the national anthem of the United States of America. The lyrics come from a poem written in 1814 by Francis Scott Key, a then 35-year-old amateur poet who wrote "Defence of Fort McHenry" after seeing the bombardment of Fort McHenry at Baltimore, Maryland, by Royal Navy ships using Tipu Sultan's design of rockets in Chesapeake Bay during the War of 1812.
"And the rockets' red glare, the bombs bursting in air"
In: Science and Technology
Tags: astronomy, ancient, india, hart, davis, plastic, surgery, indian, numerals, metal, yoga, chess, rockets, artillery, documentary
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