The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was a German WWII fighter aircraft designed by Willy Messerschmitt in the early 1930s. It was one of the first true modern fighters, with an all-metal monocoque construction, a closed canopy, and retractable landing gear. The backbone of the German Luftwaffe during WWII, the BF 109 was still in service at the dawn of the jet age. An inverted Vee-piston engined fighter, the Bf 109 was supplemented, but never completely replaced in service, by the radial engined Focke-Wulf Fw 190 from the end of 1941. The Bf 109 was the most produced warplane of World War II, with 30,573 examples built during the war, and the most produced fighter aircraft in history, with a total of 33,984 units produced up to April 1945.
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