OTTAWA - Bilingualism is surging in Canada, but not necessarily in the country's two official languages.
Canada released the last batch of data from the 2011 census on
Wednesday, this time focusing on about 200 languages that make up the
linguistic portrait of the country.
Global News takes a by the numbers look at languages in Canada:
200: The number of languages reported as a home language or mother tongue
20 per cent: The proportion of people who speak a language other than English or French at home
25,000: The number of people who use sign language at home
213,000: The number of people who speak an aboriginal language at home
6.5 per cent: The proportion of people who spoke only a non-official language at home, a percentage that has remained unchanged since 2006
64 per cent: The
increase in the number of Tagalog speakers. The Philippine-based
language was the fastest growing among people in Canada since 2006
The number of languages that showed a decline in the number of people
who reported speaking them most often at home. Italian, Polish and Greek
were in decline as older immigrant languages. Chinese languages also
showed a decline due to the way Statistics Canada counted the various
dialects in the census. Statistics Canada asked respondents to specify
which Chinese language they spoke this time around.
The top 10 immigrant languages spoken at home were Punjabi, Chinese
(not-specified), Cantonese, Spanish, Tagalog, Arabic, Mandarin, Italian,
Urdu and German.
80 per cent: The proportion of immigrant language speakers who lived in Toronto, Montreal Vancouver, Calgary, Edmonton and Ottawa-Gatineau.
32.2 per cent:
The proportion of people who speak an immigrant language most often at
home in Toronto, the highest percentage among all census metropolitan
5 per cent: The proportion of Quebecers who
speak French and another language other than English – an increase since
2006. The number of people reporting that they speak English and
another language also increased to 2.8 per cent.
17.5 per cent:
The proportion of the population who reported being able to have a
conversation in both official languages. The rate of bilingualism has
held steady since the last census.
10 million: The
number of Canadians who said they could hold a conversation in French.
While the number of people who could do so increased, the proportion of
60: The number of Aboriginal languages recorded in the census.
20.9 per cent:
The proportion of people who spoke an Aboriginal language as a mother
tongue in Quebec – the highest share of Canadian provinces. Other
provinces reporting high proportions include Manitoba at 17.1 per cent
and Saskatchewan at 16.0 per cent.