PROVING THE EXISTENCE OF ALLAH (SWT) TO AN ATHEISTby Dr. Zakir Naik
CONGRATULATING AN ATHEIST
when I meet an atheist, the first thing I like to do is to congratulate
him and say, " My special congratulations to you", because most of the
people who believe in God are doing blind belief - he is a Christian,
because his father is a Christian; he is a Hindu, because his father is a
Hindu; the majority of the people in the world are blindly following
the religion of their fathers. An atheist, on the other hand, even
though he may belong to a religious family, uses his intellect to deny
the existence of God; what ever concept or qualities of God he may have
learnt in his religion may not seem to be logical to him.
Muslim brothers may question me, "Zakir, why are you congratulating an
atheist?" The reason that I am congratulating an atheist is because he
agrees with the first part of the Shahada i.e. the Islamic Creed, ‘La
ilaaha’ - meaning ‘there is no God’.
half my job is already done; now the only part left is ‘il lallah’ i.e.
‘BUT ALLAH’ which I shall do Insha Allah. With others (who are not
atheists) I have to first remove from their minds the wrong concept of
God they may have and then put the correct concept of one true God.LOGICAL CONCEPT OF GOD
first question to the atheist will be: "What is the definition of God?"
For a person to say there is no God, he should know what is the meaning
of God. If I hold a book and say that ‘this is a pen’, for the opposite
person to say, ‘it is not a pen’, he should know what is the definition
of a pen, even if he does not know nor is able to recognise or identify
the object I am holding in my hand. For him to say this is not a pen,
he should at least know what a pen means. Similarly for an atheist to
say ‘there is no God’, he should at least know the concept of God. His
concept of God would be derived from the surroundings in which he lives.
The god that a large number of people worship has got human qualities -
therefore he does not believe in such a god. Similarly a Muslim too
does not and should not believe in such false gods.
non-Muslim believes that Islam is a merciless religion with something to
do with terrorism; a religion which does not give rights to women; a
religion which contradicts science; in his limited sense that non-Muslim
is correct to reject such Islam. The problem is he has a wrong picture
of Islam. Even I reject such a false picture of Islam, but at the same
time, it becomes my duty as a Muslim to present the correct picture of
Islam to that non-Muslim i.e. Islam is a merciful religion, it gives
equal rights to the women, it is not incompatible with logic, reason and
science; if I present the correct facts about Islam, that non-Muslim
may Inshallah accept Islam.
Similarly the atheist rejects the
false gods and the duty of every Muslim is to present the correct
concept of God which he shall Insha Allah not refuse.
(You may refer to my (dr. zakir naik) article, ‘Concept of God in Islam’, for more details at http://www.irf.net))
QUR’AN AND MODERN SCIENCE
methods of proving the existence of God with usage of the material
provided in the ‘Concept of God in Islam’ to an atheist may satisfy some
but not all.
Many atheists demand a scientific proof for the
existence of God. I agree that today is the age of science and
technology. Let us use scientific knowledge to kill two birds with one
stone, i.e. to prove the existence of God and simultaneously prove that
the Qur’an is a revelation of God.
If a new object or a machine,
which no one in the world has ever seen or heard of before, is shown to
an atheist or any person and then a question is asked, " Who is the
first person who will be able to provide details of the mechanism of
this unknown object? After little bit of thinking, he will reply, ‘the
creator of that object.’ Some may say ‘the producer’ while others may
say ‘the manufacturer.’ What ever answer the person gives, keep it in
your mind, the answer will always be either the creator, the producer,
the manufacturer or some what of the same meaning, i.e. the person who
has made it or created it. Don’t grapple with words, whatever answer he
gives, the meaning will be same, therefore accept it.
FACTS MENTIONED IN THE QUR’AN: for details on this subject please refer
to my book, ‘THE QUR’AN AND MODERN SCIENCE – COMPATIBLE OR INCOMPATIBLE?
THEORY OF PROBABILITY
mathematics there is a theory known as ‘Theory of Probability’. If you
have two options, out of which one is right, and one is wrong, the
chances that you will chose the right one is half, i.e. one out of the
two will be correct. You have 50% chances of being correct. Similarly if
you toss a coin the chances that your guess will be correct is 50% (1
out of 2) i.e. 1/2. If you toss a coin the second time, the chances that
you will be correct in the second toss is again 50% i.e. half. But the
chances that you will be correct in both the tosses is half multiplied
by half (1/2 x 1/2) which is equal to 1/4 i.e. 50% of 50% which is equal
to 25%. If you toss a coin the third time, chances that you will be
correct all three times is (1/2 x 1/2 x 1/2) that is 1/8 or 50% of 50%
of 50% that is 12½%.
A dice has got six sides. If you throw a
dice and guess any number between 1 to 6, the chances that your guess
will be correct is 1/6. If you throw the dice the second time, the
chances that your guess will be correct in both the throws is (1/6 x
1/6) which is equal to 1/36. If you throw the dice the third time, the
chances that all your three guesses are correct is (1/6 x 1/6 x 1/6) is
equal to 1/216 that is less than 0.5 %.
Let us apply this theory
of probability to the Qur’an, and assume that a person has guessed all
the information that is mentioned in the Qur’an which was unknown at
that time. Let us discuss the probability of all the guesses being
At the time when the Qur’an was revealed,
people thought the world was flat, there are several other options for
the shape of the earth. It could be triangular, it could be
quadrangular, pentagonal, hexagonal, heptagonal, octagonal, spherical,
etc. Lets assume there are about 30 different options for the shape of
the earth. The Qur’an rightly says it is spherical, if it was a guess
the chances of the guess being correct is 1/30.
The light of the
moon can be its own light or a reflected light. The Qur’an rightly says
it is a reflected light. If it is a guess, the chances that it will be
correct is 1/2 and the probability that both the guesses i.e the earth
is spherical and the light of the moon is reflected light is 1/30 x 1/2 =
Further, the Qur’an also mentions every living thing is
made of water. Every living thing can be made up of either wood, stone,
copper, aluminum, steel, silver, gold, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, oil,
water, cement, concrete, etc. The options are say about 10,000. The
Qur’an rightly says that everything is made up of water. If it is a
guess, the chances that it will be correct is 1/10,000 and the
probability of all the three guesses i.e. the earth is spherical, light
of moon is reflected light and everything is created from water being
correct is 1/30 x 1/2 x 1/10,000 = 1/60,000 which is equal to about
The Qur’an speaks about hundreds of things that were not
known to men at the time of its revelation. Only in three options the
result is .0017%. I leave it upto you, to work out the probability if
all the hundreds of the unknown facts were guesses, the chances of all
of them being correct guesses simultaneously and there being not a
single wrong guess. It is beyond human capacity to make all correct
guesses without a single mistake, which itself is sufficient to prove to
a logical person that the origin of the Qur’an is Divine.
CREATOR IS THE AUTHOR OF THE QUR’AN
only logical answer to the question as to who could have mentioned all
these scientific facts 1400 years ago before they were discovered, is
exactly the same answer initially given by the atheist or any person, to
the question who will be the first person who will be able to tell the
mechanism of the unknown object. It is the ‘CREATOR’, the producer, the
Manufacturer of the whole universe and its contents. In the English
language He is ‘God’, or more appropriate in the Arabic language,
QUR’AN IS A BOOK OF SIGNS AND NOT SCIENCE
me remind you that the Qur’an is not a book of Science, ‘S-C-I-E-N-C-E’
but a book of Signs ‘S-I-G-N-S’ i.e. a book of ayaats. The Qur’an
contains more than 6,000 ayaats, i.e. ‘signs’, out of which more than a
thousand speak about Science. I am not trying to prove that the Qur’an
is the word of God using scientific knowledge as a yard stick because
any yardstick is supposed to be more superior than what is being checked
or verified. For us Muslims the Qur’an is the Furqan i.e. criteria to
judge right from wrong and the ultimate yardstick which is more superior
to scientific knowledge.
But for an educated man who is an
atheist, scientific knowledge is the ultimate test which he believes in.
We do know that science many a times takes ‘U’ turns, therefore I have
restricted the examples only to scientific facts which have sufficient
proof and evidence and not scientific theories based on assumptions.
Using the ultimate yardstick of the atheist, I am trying to prove to him
that the Qur’an is the word of God and it contains the scientific
knowledge which is his yardstick which was discovered recently, while
the Qur’an was revealed 1400 year ago. At the end of the discussion, we
both come to the same conclusion that God though superior to science, is
not incompatible with it.
SCIENCE IS ELIMINATING MODELS OF GOD BUT NOT GOD
Bacon, the famous philosopher, has rightly said that a little knowledge
of science makes man an atheist, but an in-depth study of science makes
him a believer in God. Scientists today are eliminating models of God,
but they are not eliminating God. If you translate this into Arabic, it
is La illaha illal la, There is no god, (god with a small ‘g’ that is
fake god) but God (with a capital ‘G’).
We will show them our signs in the (farthest) regions (of the earth),
and in their own souls, until it becomes manifest to them that this is
the Truth. Is it not enough that thy Lord doth witness all things?"
By: omer bhatti
Tags: Allah (S.W), Islam, Atheists, Muslims, scientific methods, logical reasoning
Location: Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan (load item map)
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