At the outbreak of Second World War in 1939, the Netherlands declared itself neutral once again as it had done during World War I. Even so, on May 10, 1940, Germany invaded the Netherlands.
The German forces faced little resistance at first, but their advance was eventually slowed by the Dutch Army At the Afsluitdijk, the Grebbeberg, Rotterdam and Dordrecht the Dutch Army offered strong resistance. A German airborne landing at the Hague intended to capture the Dutch royal family and the government, turned into a disaster for the Germans, and about 1,500 of the paratroopers and airlanding troops that had not been killed were captured and shipped to Britain. Additionally about 280 Ju 52 transports were destroyed on the airfields of Ypenburg, Valkenburg and Ockenburg or shot down, with the consequence that the German airborne forces were not available for the planned invasion of Britain. In all, the invasion of the Netherlands cost the Germans some 520 aeroplanes, the highest losses of the war in such a short period. Queen Wilhelmina, her family and the government evacuated to Britain, but during the Battle of Britain her daughter Princess Juliana and her children proceeded to Ottawa, Canada
On May 14, the Germans — surprised by the Dutch resistance — demanded the surrender of the city of Rotterdam, threatening to bomb the city. A surrender was agreed upon with Dutch and German forces, with the Dutch intention of protecting its own civilians. However, due to miscommunication between German negotiators on the ground and the Luftwaffe units assigned to carry out the bombings.
Remembrance of the Dead
Remembrance of the Dead (Dutch: Dodenherdenking) is held annually on May 4 in the Netherlands. It commemorates all civilians and members of the armed forces of the Kingdom of the Netherlands who have died in wars or peacekeeping missions since the outbreak of World War II.
Until 1961, the commemoration only related to the Dutch victims of World War II Since 1961, the victims of other military conflicts (such as the Indonesian National Revolution in Indonesia and peacekeeping missions (such as in Lebanon or Bosnia) are remembered on May 4 as well
The next day, on May 5, Dutch people celebrate the liberation of the nation from the German occupation of 1940 to 1945.
The nation was liberated largely by Canadian troops, with the assistance of the British and American Armies (see Operation Market Garden and French airborne (see Operation Amherst. On the 5th of May 1945, the Canadian General Charles Foulke and the German Commander-in-Chief Johannes Blaskowitz reached an agreement on the capitulation of German forces in the Netherlands in Hotel de Wereld in Wageningen
respect for all who have fought and died for our liberation.
Wars may be fought with weapons, but they are won by men.
- General George Patton Jr
|Liveleak on Facebook|