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Study proves 95% of people really are sheeple

A new research study sheds light on a behavior that is consistent
among many species – that is, making decisions based upon the actions of
others.
Scientists at the University of Leeds believe they may have found why
humans flock like sheep and birds, subconsciously following a minority
of individuals.
Researchers discovered that it takes a minority of just five per cent
to influence a crowd’s direction – and that the other 95 per cent
follow without realizing it.
The findings could have major implications for directing the flow of
large crowds, in particular in disaster scenarios, where verbal
communication may be difficult.
“There are many situations where this information could be used to
good effect,” says Professor Jens Krause of the University’s Faculty of
Biological Sciences.
“At one extreme, it could be used to inform emergency planning
strategies and at the other, it could be useful in organising pedestrian
flow in busy areas.”
Professor Krause, with PhD student John Dyer, conducted a series of
experiments where groups of people were asked to walk randomly around a
large hall. Within the group, a select few received more detailed
information about where to walk. Participants were not allowed to
communicate with one another but had to stay within arms length of
another person.
The findings show that in all cases, the ‘informed individuals’ were
followed by others in the crowd, forming a self-organizing, snake-like
structure.
“We’ve all been in situations where we get swept along by the crowd,”
says Professor Krause. “But what’s interesting about this research is
that our participants ended up making a consensus decision despite the
fact that they weren’t allowed to talk or gesture to one another. In
most cases the participants didn’t realize they were being led by
others.”
Other experiments in the study used groups of different sizes, with
different ratios of ‘informed individuals’. The research findings show
that as the number of people in a crowd increases, the number of
informed individuals decreases. In large crowds of 200 or more, five per
cent of the group is enough to influence the direction in which it
travels.
The research also looked at different scenarios for the location of
the ‘informed individuals’ to determine whether where they were located
had a bearing on the time it took for the crowd to follow.
“We initially started looking at consensus decision making in humans
because we were interested in animal migration, particularly birds,
where it can be difficult to identify the leaders of a flock,” says
Professor Krause. “But it just goes to show that there are strong
parallels between animal grouping behavior and human crowds.”
The paper relating to this research, entitled Consensus decision making in human crowds is published in the current issue of Animal Behavior Journal.




http://psychcentral.com/news/2008/02/15/herd-mentality-explained/1922.html


Added: Aug-29-2012 Occurred On: Aug-29-2012
By: 104JebackaBrigada
In:
Science and Technology
Tags: sheeple,
Location: United States (load item map)
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