Women of modern world can get inspired from this great name of history - Hazrat Aaisha (RA), writes Prof Hamid Naseem Rafiabadi.
Historical records bear ample testimony to the fact that Aisha (RA) was a genius. Anas bin Malik (RA) reported that Allah’s Messenger (May peace be upon him) as saying: The excellence of Aisha (RA) over women is like the excellence of Tharid over all other foods.” (Muslim) “Tharid is a popular dish of Arabs consisting of very thin bread soaked in a broth of meat or sometimes in vegetables. This comparison with Tharid shows that the preference of Aisha (RA) here referred to, consisted in the Prophets’ (SAW) love for her, because there was no woman in the whole history of Islam who so deeply understood its teachings and so convincingly explained them to others as Aisha (RA) did, and it is possible that the Prophet (SAW) has alluded here to this fact.
Aisha (RA) studied under the Prophets’ (SAW) guidance for nine years. The result of this strenuous training and education was that even the great companions of the Prophet (SAW) used to consult her in religious and doctrinal matters. Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) used to take assistance from her when he faced same ticklish legal or religious issue. Abu Musa Ashari (RA) says that whenever, we the companions, of the Prophet (SAW) faced any problem in the matters of knowledge, our approaching Ashia (RA) for help has never proved in vain. Ata Ibn Asir-Riyah (RA) says that Aisha no doubt had the most excellent legal expertise, sound knowledge and candid opinion among all the companions. Abu Salma (RA), the son of Abdur Rahman Ibn Auf (RA) is witness that there was no other person more knowledgeable than Aisha (RA) about the traditions of the Prophet (SAW), astute jurist and the knower of the conditions of the Quranic verses ( Shan-i-Nazool) and Islamic obligations and their requirements. Urwa bin Zubayr (RA) says “I have not found any comparison to Aisha (RA) in the matters related to Law, poetry and medical science”.
Masruq (RA), who was also the disciple of Aisha (RA) says, “I have seen that the great companions were asking questions to her relating to religious obligations” (Faraiz). Imam Zohry (RA) says that if knowledge of all men and the holy wives of the Prophet (SAW) is brought together, still the knowledge of Aisha (RA) will supersede all. It is, perhaps, for the same reason that the Prophet (SAW) has said that people should get instruction of a part of their religion from this noble lady (Aisha). It may perhaps be the knowledge related to the problems of women because the scholars of Islam have endorsed this fact that had Aisha (RA) not spread this part of the Prophetic (SAW) teaching in the Muslim community, the complete information about this aspect would have been wanting.
The adults, younger boys, and elderly persons all used to ask questions to Aisha (RA). Since the elderly women would feel shy when asking about matters related to women, they did it sometimes through the help of young children. Still the problems couldn’t be explained. Therefore, Aisha (RA) told them: “I am your mother, therefore, don’t hesitate and ask from me your queries afterwards, Aisha (RA) used to solve the problems and used to say: “Allah is more respectful, still He has explained the implicit matters. Therefore, you must ask the queries relating to religion more openly”. The result was that the unresolved problems and questions were solved. Some important disciples of Aisha (RA) are:
Abut Musa Ashari (RA), Umra Ibn ‘Aas (RA), Abdullah Ibn Abbas (RA), Abdullah Ibn Zubayr (RA), Abdullah Ibn Umar (RA), Abu Huraira (RA), Rabiah Ibn Umra al-Jarshi (RA), Zayd ibn Khalid Juhani (RA), Harith ibn Abdullah (RA), Sayib ibn Yazid (RA), etc. Hazrat Aisha (RA) worked as ‘Mufti’ during the period of Hazrat Abu Bakr’s (RA) rule and continued on this position during the reign of Umar and Usman (RA). During the reign of Muawiyah (RA), a person was sent to Aisha (RA) for resolving the disputes of Syrian scholars on religious matters. Aisha (RA) was well versed with medical sciences and poetry as well. She used to accompany the Prophet (SAW) in the battle fields and cured the injured. During the battle of Uhud, along with other women, Aisha (RA) took care of the injured. On seeing Aisha’s (RA) treatment of the injured, a person remarked:
“I was not surprised when I found you at home in poetry and historical records, because your father was master of these subjects. But I was really surprised to see your expertise in medical science?” Aisha replied. “The medical men of Arab used to come to see the Prophet (SAW) and would inform him about these matters”. She was also well versed with the customs and rituals of the pre-Islamic Arabs, apart from knowing their genealogical accounts. It is for the same reason that whatever information we find in Ahadith about the pre-Islamic customs and rituals, has been recorded on the authority of Aisha (RA). Aisha (RA) has portrayed the social and cultural patterns of Pagan society of Arabs. The marriages of pre-Islamic Arabs, their divorce system, the matrimonial ceremonies, the marriage songs, their rites performed on dead bodies, Hajj performances, fasting procedures etc all have been narrated from Aisha. The conditions of Medina, the battle of Buath and the events which took place after revelation was given to the prophet (SAW), are all mentioned by Aisha (RA).
Thus Aisha (RA) was a great historian of her times. She was also well versed with poetry and its conditions. She had good comprehension of poetry, the requirements of its similes and metaphors etc. As a result master poets of Arabic approached her with their poetry to get instructions from Aisha (RA). A famous Arab poetess Khansa (RA) presented her poetry to Aisha (RA). Hassan ibn Thabit (RA) used to visit her of and on for instructions on this account. Aisha (RA) used to suggest them corrections. Musa Ibn Talaha (RA) says that there was no one more eloquent than Aisha (RA). Ahnaf Ibn Qais (RA) Amir Muawiyah (RA) and other companions of the Prophet (SAW) have praised Aisha’s (RA) oratory and mastery of the language. She was well versed with the poetry of pre-Islamic Arabia and used to explain various Quranic verses by the help of criticism which at times as has been reported by her disciples.
Abdullah Ibn Rawahah’s poems were memorized by Aisha (RA).The poems of Hassan Ibn Thabit (RA) Kaib Ibn Malik (RA) Khansa (RA) etc were learnt by heart by Aisha (RA). According to Muhammad Ali Sabooni, Aisha (RA) was prepared by the Prophet (SAW) to become a Scholarly model for Muslim women.
It is always good to aim high and plan for a good career option. Not considering only the financial return or social status, but the working conditions, job satisfaction and academic/training inputs required for the career should also be kept in mind with respect to your own physical and intellectual capacity, time, money and other inputs available, and above all the availability of job opportunities. It is important to know that despite social recognition for some careers to be prestigious, actually no career or position brings you respect and satisfaction, it is only how and what you contribute throughout your career that matters. No work is small or big, it is only how you deliver and excel. How you look towards life and what is the main purpose of life in your opinion is fundamental in determining the objectives of a career.
Even though career selection does not take place instantaneously or at a particular stage, it is a continuous process which involves three main steps, and one has to be honest to himself. The first stage involves knowing one’s own self, second knowing about different career options and then matching your personality to a suitable matching career. Almost all the three acts take place continuously from childhood to adolescent age. It is the formal education, informal education, home, school and society and interacting at different levels which helps in identifying our aptitude, interests, capabilities and aspiration and relate them to different careers and even identifying our role models.
A professional career counselor can, given these inputs and sufficient information about different careers and related streams, guide students towards the most suited career. He will also guide the student about academic, training courses and institution and mode of admission required for the career of choice.
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