8 May 2012 Last updated at 10:43
Centre-left and protest parties have made gains in Italy's local elections, amid widespread discontent with the government's austerity drive.
The centre-right People of Freedom (PDL) party of former Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi did particularly badly, with most votes counted.
The protest party of comedian Beppe Grillo, called Five Star, won nearly 20% in the northern city of Parma - enough to reach the run-off vote.
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