The Six Day War took place in 1967 and was fought between Israel and Arab neighbors Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. The nations of Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Tunisia, Lebanon, Morocco and Algeria also contributed troops and arms to the Arab forces.
This war was prophesized in Psalm 83, Psalm 83 is the last of the Psalms of Asaph. For those who do not know what a Psalm is here is the definition...
The word psalm is derived from the Greek: Psalmoi, originally meaning "songs sung to a harp", from psallein "play on a stringed instrument"
Here is the last of the Psalms of Asaph, Psalm 83.
1. A song; a psalm of Asaph.
2. God, do not be silent; God, be not still and unmoved!
3. See how your enemies rage; your foes proudly raise their heads.
4. They conspire against your people, plot against those you protect.
5. They say, "Come, let us wipe out their nation; let Israel's name be mentioned no more!"
6. They scheme with one mind, in league against you:
7. The tents of Ishmael and Edom, the people of Moab and Hagar,
8. Gebal, Ammon, and Amalek, Philistia and the inhabitants of Tyre.
9. Assyria, too, in league with them gives aid to the descendants of Lot. Selah
10. Deal with them as with Midian; as with Sisera and Jabin at the torrent Kishon,
11. Those destroyed at Endor, who became dung for the ground.
12. Make their nobles like Oreb and Zeeb, all their princes like Zebah and Zalmunna,
13. Who made a plan together, "Let us seize the pastures of God."
14. My God, turn them into withered grass, into chaff flying before the wind.
15. As a fire raging through a forest, a flame setting mountains ablaze,
16. Pursue them with your tempest; terrify them with your storm.
17. Cover their faces with shame, till they pay you homage, LORD.
18. Let them be dismayed and shamed forever; let them perish in disgrace.
19. Show them you alone are the LORD, the Most High over all the earth.
Here is the meaning of these verses...
Who is Asaph? ,he is a Levite; one of the leaders of David's choir (1 Chr. 6:39). Psalms 50 and 73-83 inclusive are attributed to him. He is mentioned along with David as skilled in music, and a "seer" (2 Chr. 29:30).
The specific meaning of this verse is disputed. The verb can be translated to refer to either speech ("be not silent") or motion ("be not inactive"). The fact that the verse requests the assistance of God three times emphasizes the urgency of the situation and of the people's prayer.
Verses 3 through 6...
In the text of the psalm, specifically verses 3 through 6, the speaker makes the assumption that individuals who plot against the nation of Israel must inherently be enemies of God. He also ascribes to them the intention of the complete extinction of the people of Israel, as that is the meaning of verse 5, which indicates that the name of Israel will be obliterated or remembered no more.
Verses 7 through 9...
These verses provide the names of the ten nations which have evidently formed a coalition against Israel, the Edomites, the Ishmaelites, Moab, the Hagrites, Gebal, Ammon, Amalek, the Philistines, Tyre, and Assyria.
Verses 10 through 13...
The narrator goes on to assume that God himself will fight on Israel's side in the upcoming battle, based on the stories contained in the 4th through 8th chapters of the Book of Judges, citing individual actions attributed to God in that book.
Verses 14 through 19...
In these verses, the narrator specifically requests that God make the opponents of Israel suffer and experience shame and die in disgrace for opposing Israel, and, by extension, God himself. The specifics mentioned, including chaff, fire and storm, are references to the Sirocco.
In this verse, the narrator states that he wishes God perform these various acts so that all might know that God is the most powerful entity and has sway over all the Earth. This verse, with verse 17, indicates that, although the bulk of the psalm is a prayer for the destruction of the enemies of Israel, there is some positive hope that the enemies of Israel might come to acknowledge the God of Israel. While the King James Version usually translates the tetragrammaton as "LORD", this verse has one of the few occurrences in which it is translated as "JEHOVAH". Presumably for that reason this particular verse is widely quoted, particularly by members of the Jehovah's Witnesses, as evidence that "Jehovah" is the personal name of God.
Now that you know the Psalm and what each verse means let me tell you about who exactly is mentioned as fighting against Israel in verses 7, 8, and 9.
The Edomites...Edom is a name given to Esau in the Old Testament, as well as to the nation descending from him. Esau's name in Hebrew means "hairy", and, according to Genesis 25:25, it is a reference to his hairiness at birth. He is also called "Edom", which means red. Genesis relates this directly to his selling his birthright for some "red stuff" (Gen. 25:30). However, Genesis makes a point of mentioning that he was red when he emerged from the womb (Gen 25:25). The Edomite people were a Semitic-speaking tribal group inhabiting the Negev Desert and the Arabah valley of what is now around the southern part of the Dead sea and adjacent Jordan. The region has much reddish sandstone, which may have given rise to the name "Edom". The nation of Edom is known to have existed back to the 8th or 9th century BC, and the Bible dates it back several centuries further. So the term Edomites is a ancient name for the Jordanians.
The Ishmaelites...These are the peoples descended from Ishmael. Many people associate the Ishamelites with the Arabs. This is an over-simplification. The Ishmaelites married with the ancient Arab peoples who lived east on Babylon. So the Arab peoples are the only remaining peoples with Ismaelite blood in them.
Book of Jubilees 20:13 And Ishmael and his sons, and the sons of Keturah and their sons, went together and dwelt from Paran to the entering in of Babylon in all the land which is towards the East facing the desert. And these married with each other, and their name was called Arabs, and Ishmaelites.
So the term Ishmaelites refers to the Arab people of today.
Moab...is the historical name for a mountainous strip of land in modern-day Jordan running along the eastern shore of the Dead Sea. In ancient times, it was home to the kingdom of the Moabites, a people often in conflict with their Israelite neighbors to the west. So here Jordan is mentioned again.
The Hagrites...the Hagrite tribe (also spelled Hagarite) were a nomadic Arabian tribe descended from Hagar. So here again the Arabs are mentioned.
Gebal... It is a Mediterranean city in the Mount Lebanon Governorate of present-day Lebanon under the current Arabic name of Jbeil and was also referred to as Gibelet during the Crusades. So this would be the Lebanese being mentioned.
Ammon... were a people living east of the Jordan river in ancient times. So this refers to Jordan and Syrian peoples since the Jordan river stretches from Syria to Jordan.
Amalek...The Amalek or Amalekites were an ancient nomadic people who originated from the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt but also spread through southern Syria and northwestern Saudi Arabia. So Amalek refers to Egypt, Syria, and Saudi Arabia.
The Philistines...The Philistines occupied the five cities of Gaza, Ashkelon, Ashdod, Ekron, and Gath, along the coastal strip of southwestern Canaan, that belonged to Egypt up to the closing days of the Nineteenth Dynasty (ended 1185 BC). So this means the Egyptions and the Palistinians.
Tyre...a city in southern Lebanon. So obviosly this is another reference to the Lebanese.
Assyria...Assyria was originally a region on the Upper Tigris river, named for its original capital, the ancient city of Assur. This is a referance to Iraq.
Now some of you will say that Sudan, Tunisia, Morocco and Algeria were not mentioned in the Psalm. Keep in mind that these are all Arab nations so they were mentioned indirectly.
In the Six Day War the enemies of Israel were defeated easily and swiftly, they have yet to recover from the psychological trauma and humiliation of their defeat.
One can assume that with God's divine protection Israel will never be defeated.
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