0 1 December 1918 - Romania's Unification Day
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Today Romanians celebrate 90 years of national unity. All nations
have a national holiday – the American “Independence Day” is no longer a
secret for the world. Romanians celebrate their Union Day as a National Holiday.
December 1st, 1918 – the National Assembly of all Romanians in
Transylvania, Banat and the Hungarian Country convened in Alba Iulia and
decreed, by unanimous vote, the union of Transylvania with the Romanian Kingdom
The National Assembly of all Romanians in Transylvania,
Banat and the Hungarian Country, gathered by its rightful
representatives at Alba-Iulia on the 18th of November/1st of December,
decrees the unification of those Romanians and of all the territories
inhabited by them with Romania. The National Assembly proclaims above
all the inalienable right of the Romanian nation to the whole Banat
bordered by the Mures and Tisa rivers and the Danube.
Back in 1918 the Romanian Kingdom was formed of Moldavia and
Wallachia. Other Romanian provinces were under either Hungarian or
Ottoman occupation. December 1st celebrates today not only the union
between Transylvania and the Romanian Kingdom, but also the union of the
provinces of Banat, Bessarabia and Bukovina with the two. Moldavia and
Wallachia united in 1859 and formed the “United Principalities of
Moldavia and Wallachia.” The first ruler of the young kingdom was prince
Alexander John Cuza.
To understand the importance of the Union Day in the history of the
Romanians one has to understand their heritage and their history.
Looking back at the borders of Dacia during Burebista and the union of the Romanian principalities under Michael the Brave
in 1600 it is easy to understand that the unification of all Romanian
provinces into a big state was a national ideal after the WWI.