Taksim Gazi Park . Yesterday Armenian graves trees today!


A decisive act of resistance against the plunder of Istanbul in Taksim Park, organized the trip. Travel Park also has a history in which the land is very interesting. Here is the state of the land occupied by the Armenian cemetery in the past, and plundered date!

Dağlıoğlu Nalcı and Emre Can, Suleiman the Magnificent, who saved him
from death cemetery allocated by Armenians as the Armenian Republic cook
Manuk the period of grace Karaseferyan'a confiscated after years of
litigation and bureaucrats and academics play an active role in this
process under the spotlight for Agos took.

Diagnosis by saying passing Earth

make a new start for a nation-state, the most common form of the date,
the official history of attempts to put forward, and delete the old
collective memory. Facing the old drive out to draw new boundaries and one of the tools used in these initiatives, cities and urban architecture. Which
is reproduced in the sense of the continuity of history 'commemorative'
spaces, enables the device to link the past and the society. The
'old' architectural fabric of the city until the surface of the
deletion, the deletion of the collective memory leads to disrupted the
continuity between the past and the community ional society 'deep
inememesine' hatırlayamamasına and, consequently, causes yüzleşememesine
nation-building experience of the past and the bonds of society,
considering the important role of the slogan breakout, create history by
re-examining alternative memory areas. In this paper, oblivion "calling back" to contribute to the creation of an alternative to a memory area is written.

Divan Hotel, one of the structures of society that serves as Break the link with the past. Travel across Taksim Park a few years ago was making gravestones. Today
Trip Park Military museum, TRT Istanbul Radio building, the Hilton and
the Court of hotels, this area was an ancient Armenian mezarlığıydı. Divan
Hotel re-opened Surp Agop Cemetery, and today we look at history, how a
fundamental injustice of the past were going to have to remember the
victim. Because,
Mithat Sancar, as he says, "do not go lost eternally forgotten many
things, temporarily place her erişemeyeceğimiz waits for us."

The testimony of literature

This is going to be wiped out tutunulabilecek to prevent one of the most robust branches of literature testimony. Orhan
Pamuk, Cevdet Bey and Oğulları'ndaki testimony, do not go to the city's
surface, an event that has been deleted or lost, Surp Agop Cemetery
tries to remind us:
The new governor wants to yıktırmak clubhouse, give them a small plot
opposite the cemetery of the Surp Agop said. This would, I think,
doubtful. (...) One of the ladies playing tennis in the territory of the
old cemetery, the weather relented and told him all of a sudden it
would be inappropriate There
was silence. (...) The old cemetery with graves of the land on the
corner of tennis oynanmayacağını said the lady, he is not said to be
covered with an old church yıkıntısıyla pacified. "

the same effort, Ahmed Aziz aboard Aşkale seen in the novel "fills out
the aims to enable their wealth, the Wealth Tax is equivalent to.
Around, a human tragedy, while the king of that year they disappeared.
(...) Last year expropriated, and
St. Gregory the Illuminator Church Cemetery in Surp Agop inopportune
hatırlı guys put it together to buy at a price that is struck. whispered
names duydukça amazement. cemetery, and I think the church would be
reduced at very low rates. "
Hold for the memory of the period is a branch of the other organs of the press. However,
the sources for this study, we found that we scanned, press covered
this issue in Armenian in Turkey and outside Turkey, while the Turkish
press remained silent. Subsequent
litigation process as a single unified resource, Armaveni Miroğlu'nun,
Armenian media in creating this article and frequently consulted by
scanning penned "Pangaltı Armenian Cemetery (Surp Hagop Cemetery)" The
article (Social History, No. 187) note that it is.

The history of the cemetery

Date of Surp Agop Cemetery, 1560'ta begins in Istanbul, the great plague. Armenian
community, the victims of the epidemic, the time-of-town Elmadağ
counted today, Surp Agop Surp Agop Hospital Cemetery is located across
the field begins to bury.
1929, according to the letter penned by Van Natanyan'ın Margos, the
cemetery is located on the land, thanks to Sultan Süleyman the Armenians
were Karaseferyan Manuk cook. After
Sultan zaptetmesinin Buddha, the Germans established a plot to poison
him, Manuk want to be involved in the conspiracy because the Sultan, do
not eat anything except his knowledge. Manuk unveils it rejects the request and conspiracy. Sultan, Gaspar want to reward. Manuk, him, demands a graveyard for the Armenians in Istanbul. Sultan also gives Pangaltı'ndaki Armenians wide land. Natanyan'a, according to the Taksim Harbiye dates back to the land. Van
Karaseferyan family, who died in 1808 in Harutyun Karaseferyan, such as
Manuk Efendi, Pangaltı buried in the Armenian cemetery, headstone,
cemetery, imperial edicts he issued his ancestor was written.

the outbreak of cholera in 1865, is now very close to the city center
of Pera, the Surp Agop Cemetery burial of the dead is prohibited. In contrast, the Armenian Cemetery fiişli is allocated to the congregation. Vacant
land for the cemetery dead defnedilemediği Surp Agop, Istepan Pasha
Aslanyan'ın efforts, the St. Gregory the Illuminator Church is built.
Sultan Abdul Aziz retained

1872, fiehremaneti (City Hall), the Surp Agop Armenian Cemetery War
confiscated land to include land, but the Sultan Abdul Aziz, the
cemetery was given, and the Armenians in the territory of the Armenian
community confirms that the imperial edicts. In 1912, the Municipality, the street, to expand, to take a portion of the cemetery. The
congregation, as the price of the land, not only the construction of
the wall, such as bones and tombstones transportation costs will be paid
for 15 thousand gold.

Mezarlık'taki "monuments"

Cemetery were buried after the March 31 incident, a separate information causes confusion. In
1909, the Istanbul Action Army approached, Taşkışla and Selimiye
barracks and put up barricades Hunter Taburları'ndaki soldiers killed
violently opposed. The bodies were buried in the Surp Agop Armenian Cemetery. Mustafa
Turan, author of Memoirs of a General's March 31, the situation, "these
poor victims of the events of March 31 at unprecedented even worthy of a
Muslim cemetery, Surp Agop Armenian Cemetery buried," he explains. On
the other hand, Action Army soldiers who died in this incident and the
Christian volunteers, with a grand ceremony, the embedded. Enver
Pasha, in his speech at the Tomb "Muslims and Christians living and
dying, no longer as a sign of racial and religious discrimination to
recognize that they are patriotic friends they lie side by side," says
then. Arsen
Avagyan, the Armenians and the Committee of Union and Progress in the
book, the Surp Agop Cemetery and buried those who died fighting in the
Army, and even the cemetery, brotherhood, and erected a monument
representing the Muslim-Christian unity indicates. However,
this claim is shown as the source, Edwin Pears' Forty Years in
Constantinople in his book, this monument, in fact, Abide-i Hürriyet,
Hürriyet is located on the hill, the Army Corps of land adjacent to the
burial of the victims of the British Girls High School written . Have this conversation in front of the monument that Enver Pasha.
A further argument, the Surp Agop Cemetery, planted in 1919, is that a genocide monument. That year, a committee established for this purpose, and a number of Istanbul is true that the memorial project. Famous
Armenian intellectual Teotig this komitededir, collecting and writing
biographies of Armenians were killed in 1915 and taken to the start of
this reason. Teotig
April '11 Monument Surp Agop's cemetery memorial monument in the
photograph on the cover of the book, whether it is unfortunately
unknown. Rita S. Kuyumjian'ın,
Teotig subject area and established the committee did not mention in
his book to the monument, and what we have today, that the ceremony of
inauguration of the monument, or there are no pictures showing the
absence of this information is now not only the nature of a claim.

The case begins

on the busiest street in Istanbul's Beyoglu district, and a large Surp
Agop Cemetery, has a large and very valuable land. Therefore, 19 Starting
at the end of the century, the land acquisition efforts, cut off from
the old and new Istanbul takes aim at establishing a Republic in the

this goal, in 1931, the Municipality of Istanbul, a foundation from the
land of Sultan Beyazit parents, claiming that the transfer request of
the Council, such as other abandoned cemeteries and Land Administration
refers to the legal process starts by opening the case.
Armaveni According to the article, in turn, required documents prepared
by the Board of Community Corporeal Land Registry Head Office in Ankara
sent two representatives to apply. Representatives
of the Armenian Cemetery Pangaltı not abandoned, just in time, due to
health reasons explain forbidden burial of the dead there. Since
then, many times, the land, the property is registered with the
Armenian community and, therefore, states that can not be put in hand,
Land Center, Istanbul Land Administration, orders to save on municipal
Mesrop Naroyan the period, as the representative of the Armenian
community and is involved in the case will follow the process. Municipalities,
as well as the seizure of Surp Agop Cemetery, cemetery property
foreclosures income when you put the Patriarch and the deputy Kevork
Naroyan Torkomyan, abandoned cemetery on the grounds that the Council
will prosecute on behalf of the Patriarchate. Narlıyan
Maksut Patriarchate and Necati Bey's lawyer, cemetery, until the final
decision of the court not being allowed to pass through the official
shall request the Council. Court
to take the case, since now the Council from taking the land of 20
thousand dollars bail in the display in order to meet future
depreciation, provided that the request is accepted.
on this decision, the Council's lawyers and the Armenian Patriarchate
of the Armenian community in Turkey, does not exist, the decision of the
Council of Ministers dated 19 July 1915 the Patriarch of the Armenian
Patriarchate in Jerusalem and the exile had been transported back to the
claim that there . Their aim is to prove that the right to sue on behalf of the congregation Naroyan'ın Patriarch. The
Patriarchate's lawyers, the cemetery set aside the trial, the court
would have to provide evidence proving the existence of the Armenian
community. Re-regulation
of the Patriarchate and the Patriarchate decree dated 18 October 1915
shows onaylanışını, Mayor refutes objections to the lawyers and the
court rejected the demands of the Council accepts that the right to sue
the Patriarchate. Thus,
the Armenian community in Turkey, with all the rights of legal
personalities and religious institutions that Naroyan been approved on
behalf of the Patriarch is the leader of the rightful owner.
Ahmed Rafik "OPINION"

to determine the boundaries of Sultan Beyazit parents and have a
historian Ahmed Refik Altınay Foundation and Istanbul Asar-ı Atika
Museums Director Aziz Ogan throws, including a four-person panel of
experts. Claiming
false documents showing that the cemetery belonging to Armenians
Altınay of the land is the property of Sultan Beyazit Parent Foundation
'scientific' means exposes.
In this process, Turkey increased media interest in the case of the Surp Agop Cemetery. Published reports, often mentioned as a historian praised Altınay'dan which intervened in the proceedings. Altınay, gives an interview about the case of the evening newspaper, Surp Agop Cemetery. The
historical background to the case told the interview report prepared by
the Patriarchate, Necati Bey's lawyer said the case is a lack of
knowledge about the fort, "the Turkish fortress everything breaks down,
but never his own," he specifies.

"You know" results

Committee of Experts, as a result of his research report by the
Foundation's parent indicates that the cemetery arsasının Sultan
Beyazit. Directorate
of Foundations of the meeting, Mr. Rafiq Ahmed, Sultan Beyazit
Foundation's parents argued that provides examples of documents and
provide information on the foundation's borders.
1933, the Criminal Court of Istanbul, on the basis of this report, the
Surp Agop Armenian Cemetery, Cemeteries Act passed by the Council of
derelict land as a cemetery, and decides to accept. Altınay'a Rafiq Ahmed, the Council his "contribution to the value of billions from" a house is allocated for.
By the way, where all the documents related to the case, will not fire in Sultanahmet Courthouse on December 3, 1933. Therefore, the Surp Agop Armenian Cemetery proceedings, be postponed until the courts to begin work again. However, the Miroğlu'na, according to the Department of Land and the municipality a copy of all documents are available.
From 1 March 1931, Surp Agop Cemetery trial ended November 26, 1934. The
court, in addition to other decisions, the Patriarchate, court costs
and attorneys' costs 150 lira Deputy Mayor decides to pay.

The second case

After a while, the Church of Beyoglu three Horan Head of the Board of Directors. Hovsep Jalal, open a new case in order to eliminate the injustice 'precautionary measure-i' demands. Court,
the request, the cemetery grounds, and 10 thousand pounds for the part
of the building on bail until the end of the case show the condition of
these parts congregation accepts and decides to stay. However,
the Municipality, without waiting for the conclusion of the trial, maps
prepared by deeds çıkarttırıp plans to sell these lands. Meanwhile,
the court applied for the determination of the land value of the land
three years ago, set up a commission to determine the difference between
the current value. Suffered the loss of value of the land determined, Mayor, damages, demands, and 3-year total rent.
On top of that the Central Land Council, decides to give the Council the land title. Identified
in his report to the commission of the Court of the land value in 3
years, it was determined that the loss of 124 thousand pounds. Municipality,
or by adding the damage caused by the delay in the consideration of the
sale, the Patriarchate and open proxies against the claim for
compensation of 180 thousand pounds. Asim Us'un journalist claims that the Patriarchate Sabur Sami Bey puts it together in order to avoid paying the price. Sabur
Sami Bey case deterrent city hall, and in return, the cemetery, which
will remain in the hands of the Patriarchate of land is part of about 6
thousand m2. His
daughter built on the land, in the name of National Reinsurance
Administration should commercialize and sell 60 thousand pounds. In
the meantime, the cemetery had already been removed and the table in
front of the cross and the inscription today Sisli Armenian Cemetery.

Cemeteries are not

The Foundation then initiated proceedings in the new land, claiming that its results can not. Thus,
a years-long affair with the Municipality of the Armenian community, by
order of the Ministry of Interior, and the Governor of Istanbul,
Beyoglu Muhittin Üstündağ Arşag three Horan Foundation Board of
Directors (Fair) ended with an agreement between Surenyan (a period of
Atatürk who was physician to dental Arşag Surenyan, the former chairman of Galatasaray Faruk Süren grandfather). 850
thousand square meters of land through the Council, the Patriarchate of
6 thousand square meters of land, and the court costs remains the cost
of three thousand two hundred pounds.

The basis of the new Istanbul

Surp Agop Armenian Cemetery, in spite of all these pursuits and just struggle, are condemned in its entirety in 1939. St. Gregory the Illuminator Church destroyed, the owners of the tomb, tombs, time is allowed for shipments. Then, the cemetery on the sewn in large buildings, Elmadağ also begins to take its present form. Many tombstones, designed a new urbanist Henri Prost and Travel Eminönü Square Park ladders are used in making repairs.
In 1939, the Surp Agop Cemetery case, as a means of power showdown appears again. In
this process, the President İsmet İnönü Muhittin taken in almost
dismissed Üstündağ 'misconduct' case which is the subject of a result
does not change the fate of the cemetery. The case on the grounds that the Ministry without notice process, resulting in the supply of Üstündağ'a 50 pounds penalty.
Prof. Mayor from office after Lutfi Kırdar. Fahrettin Kerim Gökay, begins the sale of the land. First
guest house on the plot of land about to be sold to Koç Court today,
Hilton and Hyatt Regency Hotels, Travel Park, is part of the TRT
Istanbul Radio and Harbiye Military Museum.

The building blocks of the regime

Surp Agop Cemetery case, as a clear case of corruption in front of us. The
official ideology of private property, the state radio building blocks,
such as the military cemetery laid one by one to get back on today
'legal' point of view is almost impossible. However,
by remaining silent in the face of such injustice, usurpation of the
obvious can not find peace of mind by covering them. Surp
Agop example, even a casual Turkey gayrimüslimlerinin were left dead,
tombstones, which are used in the construction of new examples of
Istanbul, Turkey, and the only one that new. Today,
we need transparency, face and mouth will be a formal apology, the
souls of the inhabitants of the Surp Agop Cemetery allows you to find
peace of mind, perhaps ... Maybe, but then you really bury "our dead."
Actors in the history of the cemetery seizure

Muhittin Üstündağ

Istanbul Governor's Office, CHP Istanbul Provincial Directorate and served as mayor of Istanbul between 1928-1938. acquired an Istanbul Eminonu Square, was built and is known for Tiyatroları'nı Siirt city regulations.
removed from politics in an era of İsmet İnönü, received the support of
Mustafa Kemal's immediate surroundings, as the President Inonu removed
from politics.
Urbanist Henri Prost from France in Istanbul as a result of his work on the face of the city changed. Surp Agop Cemetery land is very precious arsasının Üstündağ Referring to the plans approved by Prost and the work began. Municipality
land 'of bringing' then, who mezartaşlarıyla Eminonu Square, where
allegations of corruption or any other thing of Üstündağ name.
Asri Cemetery in particular draws attention to the issue. Several different cases of irregularities shall be tried but acquitted. According
to the journalist, Asim Us'un, this is something that caused the
acquittal, the threat of disclosure, availability, because the claims of
negligence and corruption are issues which seem to be under the orders
from the Interior Minister fiükrü lies in the Rock.

Sabur Sami Bey

Eşrafındandır Kayseri. Was graduated from Political Sciences, and after 1915 he served as governor of Antalya. Armenian
massacres is not known whether the active duty, during the proceedings,
his "Erzurum, Diyarbakır and in the provinces of Mosul, one Armenian
left in Antalya, you still have jobs?" he sent a telegram to Dr. encrypted. By disclosing the offense has fiakir'i bahattin fixing.
his tenure, the Greek craftsmen built and worked battalions that make
up the school and the town hall in the town of Serik is currently
recognized. History of the Republic, aka corruption and irregularities fixed. First,
in 1924, who survived the Holocaust and the Armenians wishing to have
goods returned to Turkey in return for money and assistance allegedly
issued false documents, including Yunus Nadi, Sword, including famous
names such as Ashraf Ali and Ruşen 10 with a public officer about the investigation started, the inquest can not be a result.
Kaya fiükrü known for its proximity to the Interior Minister Mustafa Kemal change. Asri
Cemetery and the Council of Foundations of problem, while assigned to
the four referees, peace be included as a referee, in spite of internal
medicine to work on behalf of the Ministry of Internal Medicine
aldırması a car, which broke out at the end of the '30s to the head
actor famous bus case, it must have been a result of proximity.
of the Ways Kemal Tahir, told in his novel, the Czech ambassador, Falih
Rıfkı Atay came from, they want to open the Skoda factory in Turkey to
be representative. Sabur Sami before doing this task, but he adds that it is not one of the influential political as claimed. However,
according to Asim Us'a, he lives in America is said to be as famous
cheaters insulin Sami Bey, who took office after the Lutfi Kirdar
Muhittin Üstündağ'dan entry is prohibited by the government authorities.

Fahrettin Kerim Gökay
Governor's Office and the Directorate of Municipal done between
1949-1957, the population in this period "Mini mini governor, what will
happen Halimiz" dolamasına language has led to rhyme. It
is also a doctor of mental disorders, 1939, the National Population
Politics Mazhar Osman (Eugenique) Nature of the Issue and has written
the book Aryanization have conducted studies on the Turkish race.
flocked to the beaches, the citizen can not enter the sea," said laf
Gökay the date of September 6-7 cases of 'insufficient' had to resign
due to remain. When he died, acquired after September 6-7 deed turned out to be 630. These deeds, while there is a disaster in Istanbul, Gökay'ın cause 'insufficient' explaining the.

Rafiq Ahmed Altınay

He was born in 1880 Valideçeşme'de. After receiving military training in the Military School of Geography, History, French and taught; I. Resigned from the military after World War II. History is known for his research. Although the Unionist claims that the Unionists New Mecmua worked for many years in the newspaper. Talat
Pasha, the search warrant on the first post-war published on the earth,
is known to be the home island of Buyukada Altınay. At
the end of 1918, which is serialized in the newspaper İkdam 'Two of the
Committee and two continents' from a series of articles, Soykırım'a of
the 'reciprocity' arguments temellendirse, especially the testimony of
what happened in Eskişehir and Krikor Zohrab Circassian Ahmet killer in
his interviews with the Vartkes Serengülyan'ın terms contain valuable. With the establishment of the Republic, as a historian begins to fall from grace. The
cause of the cemetery at the end of 1931 as an expert appointed by the
Prime Minister's Archives of the case found that the fate of a single
copy of document changes. However,
due to lack of support from the Turkish Theory of History humiliated by
Mustafa Kemal himself, and even "reverse even if the pen with us not
fall!" he warned. University Reform in 1933, in the face of a new university gate closes. Publisher,
writes a letter stating that the very cramped in monetary terms, and
then, by the Council for his contribution to the cause of the cemetery
itself is a gift of a home. In 1937 passed away. Reflected in the funeral of a bumpy relationship with the Republic. However, buried quietly, though, was represented by the ruling Muhittin Üstündağ and Mahmut Esat Bozkurt. (Agos)