Hydrogen storage and the hydrogen economy

noticed some were knocking the hydrogen alt. energy concepts-DOE apparently disagrees w/ you..as you'll remember, Spencer Abraham (a Lebanese republican/Bush crony w/ a photo of him-n-Cheney on his co. website) pushed the hydrogen economy concept during a Republican (i.e. pro oil/nuclear, etc.) administration-he's now a lobbyist for the Saudi gov't during prezBO's nightmarish socialist economic failure. And in this article an egyptian Zidan is a lead researcher at DOE. A conspiracy theorist might remember infiltrator ali mohammed in Peter Lance' book "Triple Cross" & may assume the saudi's are trying to side track us into failure, then forced to buy their "cheap" oil having wasted/expended everything on a faulty concept, simultaneously not actively pursuing proven feasible/viable domestic sources: more drilling, oil sands, coal, synthetic, etc..non issue with the socialist prezBO doing the islamofascist's job for them in the name of green socialism (Note that spain is turning away from 'green jobs' as they hemorrhage peso's, losing 2.2 productive, real jobs for every 1 fake green job, which parasitically leaches off another remaining 2.2 via taxation and regulation for it's artificial creation).
The technologies may also have military applications and we certainly must pursue every option to the nth degree, but is such a waste ("day late, dollar short") in this downturn when so many resources await our exploitation (and a Republican administration). We are the saudi arabia of coal and have centuries worth. This username inspires thought and reflection when muslim and venezuelan oil must be avoided at any cost.


Hydrogen Storage

Overview and History
Savannah River National Laboratory has over 50 years of experience in developing and deploying technologies for safely and efficiently working with hydrogen. This expertise is grounded in five decades of technology support for the Savannah River Site’s (SRS) work with tritium, the radioactive isotope of hydrogen that is a vital component of modern nuclear defense.

SRNL’s leading-edge hydrogen research and development not only sustains national security, but also supports President Bush’s Hydrogen Fuel Initiative to ensure our nation’s long-term energy security and a clean environment. Using hydrogen to fuel our economy can reduce dependence on imported petroleum, diversify energy resources, and reduce pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.
Dr. Ragaly Zidan
Dr. Ragaiy Zidan has conducted internationally recognized research on materials for hydrogen storage.

Hydrogen Expertise
SRNL has the largest collection of hydrogen experts in the country, with more than 80 scientists and engineers dedicated to hydrogen and tritium missions. SRNL expertise ranges from molecular and process modeling to the development of new materials and techniques for separating and storing hydrogen safely and efficiently.

Hydrogen Storage
Safe, efficient hydrogen storage is equally important for defense and for transportation applications. How to store hydrogen on-board a vehicle is one of the key technological challenges that must be addressed to make future hydrogen-powered vehicles practical for the American consumer. SRNL focuses its research on solid-state hydrogen storage because it is safe, and at the same time more compact and convenient than storage as a gas or liquid.

SRNL is a leader in the development and application of technologies that use metal hydrides – materials which reversibly absorb and release hydrogen like a sponge. SRNL has developed and patented several devices using hydride for storing hydrogen. The hydrides developed for tritium use, however, are too heavy to be practical for automotive applications. Current storage research is studying the potential for:

* A new generation of lighter-weight, complex metal hydrides
* Metal-doped carbon nanotubes - long, thin structures (approximately 1/10,000 the width of a human hair) that show great potential because they may be able to bond with large amounts of hydrogen at room temperature.
* Hollow glass microspheres - microscopic glass “beads” with porous walls, which can be filled with hydrogen storage material.
* SRNL is supporting the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Code Committee on Hydrogen Storage Tanks to help provide the needed changes to the pressure vessel code for safe hydrogen storage.

By working together with other laboratories, universities, industry and governmental entities, SRNL is working to advance both hydrogen technology and its economic benefits.

* SRNL is working with automakers, including Toyota and GM, on technologies to make hydrogen vehicles practical for the American consumer
* The laboratory is working with South Carolina's research universities, as well as academic institutions across the nation, on hydrogen-related projects.
* SRNL is a founding member of the South Carolina H2 and Fuel Cell Alliance, a not-for-profit organization that represents the interests of South Carolina industry, academia, and research organizations involved in the new hydrogen economy.
* Aiken County has constructed the Center for Hydrogen Research at the Savannah River Research Campus, adjacent to SRNL. SRNL’s unclassified hydrogen research will occupy half of this state-of-the-art hydrogen research facility, while the other half will be occupied by universities and industry engaged in related research. This arrangement will foster collaborative efforts.

In addition to the laboratories at the new Center for Hydrogen Research, SRNL has a variety of facilities to support hydrogen research, including:

* Engineering development laboratory
* Heat transfer laboratory
* Bench- and pilot-scale hydrogen storage and delivery systems
* Failure analyses and materials testing laboratories
* Analytical laboratories

Dr. Leung Heung
Dr. Leung (Kit) Heung has over 20 years of experience in the development of hydrogen processing technology and holds 13 patents.

Related SRNL Research and Development

Hydrogen Production
Hydrogen is plentiful across our planet, but it is bound in water or other compounds. Breaking apart those compounds to release the hydrogen requires energy, so the quest is to find the cleanest, most energy-efficient method possible to do this. SRNL expertise is being focused on a number of initiatives to support our nation’s hydrogen program, including:

* Leading a team of industrial and academic partners to evaluate the technical and economic issues associated with using the heat from an advanced nuclear reactor or a solar furnace to “crack” water into hydrogen and oxygen.
* Participating in a team studying algae that produce hydrogen when exposed to sunlight.
* Developing thermochemical cycles for use with an advanced nuclear reactor or other high-temperature heat source to produce hydrogen directly from water.

SRNL has extensive experience in hydrogen separation technology based on its ongoing defense work, and continues to develop new and more efficient processes. SRNL has developed a patented technology for separating hydrogen from other gases, particularly carbon monoxide and other hydrocarbon combustion products.