Alan Turing would have been 100 years old on June 23, 2012. He saved more lives in WWII than any other single person. And you likely have never heard of him....because he was gay.
He was responsible for the Enigma code being broken in WWI, was a mathematical genius, and is recognized as one of the principle founders of the modern computer. He was also arrested and prosecuted by the British government for being gay in 1952. He committed suicide in 1954 at the age of 41. In 2009 the British government issued a formal apology for the way they treated Turing after the war.
Turing pitted machine against machine. The prototype model of his anti-Enigma "bombe", named simply Victory, was installed in the spring of 1940.
His bombes turned Bletchley Park into a codebreaking factory. As early as 1943 Turing's machines were cracking a staggering total of 84,000 Enigma messages each month - two m
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