The B53 Nuclear Bomb

The Mk/B53 was a high-yield https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_bunker_buster https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermonuclear_weapon developed by the https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States during the https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cold_War. Deployed on https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strategic_Air_Command bombers, the B53, with a https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_weapon_yield of 9 megatons, was the most powerful weapon in the https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_weapons_and_the_United after the last https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B41_nuclear_bomb were retired in 1976.

The B53 was the basis of the W-53 warhead carried by the https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LGM-25C_Titan_II, which was decommissioned in 1987. Although not in active service for many years before 2010, fifty B53s were retained during that time as part of the "Hedge" portionhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B53_nuclear_bomb#cite_note-3 of the https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enduring_Stockpile until its complete dismantling in 2011. The last B53 was disassembled on 25 October 2011, a year ahead of schedule.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B53_nuclear_bomb#cite_note-4https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B53_nuclear_bomb#cite_note-wired-5

With its retirement, the largest bomb currently in service in the U.S. nuclear arsenal is the https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B83_nuclear_bomb, with a https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Variable_yield of 1.2 megatons.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B53_nuclear_bomb#cite_note-6 The B53 was replaced in the https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_bunker_buster role by a variant of the two-stage https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B61_nuclear_bomb.



The B53 Nuclear Bomb is an open fuse weapon meaning it can only be armed manually, not by electronic means. If the bomb were to have been deployed in wartime the weapon would have been armed only after the bombers were airborne and at cruising altitude. The pilot would give the navigator the order to arm weapons and remove the holding pins on the bombs. This is how it was done (Just be sure not to kick it after arming):


The B53 was 12 feet 4 inches (3.76 m) long with a diameter of 50 inches (4.17 ft; 1.27 m). It weighed 8,850 pounds (4,010 kg), including the 800-to-900 lb (360-to-410 kg) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parachute system and the honeycomb aluminum https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nose_cone to enable the bomb to survive https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laydown_delivery. It had five parachutes:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/B53_nuclear_bomb#cite_note-nuc one 5-foot (1.52 m) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pilot_chute, one 16-foot (4.88 m) extractor chute, and three 48-foot (14.63 m) main chutes. Chute deployment depends on delivery mode, with the main chutes used only for laydown delivery. For free-fall delivery, the entire system was jettisoned.

The warhead of the B53 used https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oralloy (highly enriched https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uranium) instead of https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plutonium for fission, with a mix of https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium-6https://en.wikipedia. fuel for fusion. The https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Explosive_lens comprised a mixture of https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RDX and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trinitrotoluene, which was not https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insensitive_munitions. Two variants were made: the B53-Y1, a "dirty" weapon using a U-238-encased secondary, and the B53-Y2 "clean" version with a non-fissile (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lead or https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tungsten) secondary casing. Explosive yield was approximately nine https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TNT_equivalent.

Current Warhead Status:

An April 2014 GAO report notes that the NNSA is retaining canned subassemblies (CSAs) " associated with a certain warhead indicated as excess in the 2012 Production and Planning Directive are being retained in an indeterminate state pending a senior-level government evaluation of their use in planetary defense against earthbound asteroids." In its FY2015 budget request, the NNSA noted that the B53 component disassembly was "delayed", leading some observers to conclude they might be the warhead CSAs being retained for potential planetary defense purposes.
As of February 2016 the canned assemblies remain in secure storage at an NNSA site.

The B53: The City Killer




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EXTRA!!!! Full Documentary "Equinox: Dismantling The Bomb"*****************************************************


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Por: IrishLincoln (1632.76)

Etiqueta: Nuclear bomb, nuclear, atomic, H-bomb, B53, Cold War, warhead, Russia Roaster, NNSA

Lugar: United States