Who Are The Russian Generals That Ukraine Says Are Fighting In The Donbas?

Major General Sergei Kuzovlev (right) goes by the pseudonyms "Tambov" and Ignatov," according to Ukraine's SBU.

The Ukrainian Security Service (SBU) has cdn3.videos.bloomberg.com/bview/documents/russian-aggression out evidence for what it calls "Russian aggression against Ukraine."

The report alleges there are some 9,000 Russian troops deployed in
Ukraine, forming 15 battalion tactical groups. The force includes about
200 tanks, more than 500 armored fighting vehicles, and some 150
artillery systems, according to the dossier.

The SBU also identifies by name five Russian generals who it says are
playing leading roles in commanding and coordinating the military
forces of the separatists in eastern Ukraine.

Speaking to Bloomberg, New York University professor and specialist
in Russian security services Mark Galeotti said that by "embedding their
senior officers," the Russians are solidifying control over the
separatist portions of Ukraine.

"Somewhere in Moscow they have made the decision this will be a long-term frozen conflict," Galeotti told Bloomberg.

RFE/RL takes a closer look at the six officers who have been implicated:

Major General Oleg Tsekov

Tsekov graduated from a military institute in Chelyabinsk in 1988. He
then served in various parts of the Soviet Union and Mongolia.

He graduated from the Academy of the General Staff in 2011. The same
year, he was appointed commander of the 200th motorized special-forces
brigade of the Northern Fleet. In September 2014, the volunteer
information service https://informnapalm.org/1020-200-ya-otdelnaya-motostrelkova
published evidence that the unit had been mobilized from Murmansk
Oblast to Rostov Oblast, together with evidence that service personnel
from the 200th had been identified in Ukraine.

Tsekov was promoted to major general (equivalent of a U.S. two-star general) on February 21, 2015.

The latest SBU dossier charges that Tsekov commands the so-called 2nd brigade of the separatist forces near Donetsk.

Major General Valery Solodchuk (left) purportedly signed a certificate given to a soldier "for the return of Crimea."

​Major General Valery Solodchuk

Born in Astrakhan, Solodchuk graduated from the paratroops institute
in Ryazan in 1992. In 2012, he was named commander of the 7th guards
air-assault division based in Novorossiisk. A media reference in 2014 www.otvprim.ru/blog/12/14517 as deputy commander of the 5th Army in the Far East.

Digital-forensic investigators have drawn attention to a soldier of
the 7th guards air-assault division named Stanislav Ramensky. www.sosukraina.com/podonki-zaxvativshie-krym-rossijskie-fash
photographs that seem to have been taken in Crimea in March 2014, when
Russia annexed the peninsula from Ukraine. He also published a
photograph of the medal and certificate he was given on April 14, 2014,
"for the return of Crimea," which was signed by Solodchuk.

in March, Solodchuk was asked if the 7th guards air-assault division is
a designated rapid-reaction unit within the Russian military. He
answered that there are no such units and that the entire military is in
a state of constant combat readiness. Asked if that meant that his unit
is prepared to be ordered into battle at any moment, Solodchuk
answered, "Exactly."

The SBU dossier charges that Solodchuk is the commander of so-called 1st Army Corps of Novorossia in the Donetsk area.

Major General Sergei Kuzovlev

Sergei Kuzovlev was born in 1967 and graduated from the paratroops
institute in Ryazan in 1990. He also studied at the Academy of the
General Staff. He was promoted to major general in February 2014. Since
2014, he has been chief of staff of the 58th Army based in Vladikavkaz.

In January, the Ukrainian SBU https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3HpxSV_rZ1Ethat
it alleged showed Kuzovlev organizing the military forces of the
self-proclaimed "Luhansk People's Republic" in eastern Ukraine. The SBU
says Kuzovlev goes by the pseudonyms "Tambov" and "Ignatov."

Major General Aleksei Zavizion

Aleskei Zavizion was born in Narva, Estonia, in 1965 and graduated
from a military institute in Chelyabinsk in 1986. He served in the Far
East, in Chechnya, and as commander of Russian forces in Tajikistan.

In 2009, he began studies at the Academy of the General Staff.

In March, Ukraine's SBU claimed Zavizion, using the nom de guerre
Alagir, directed the shelling of Kramatorsk and Mariupol. Referring to
Zavizion, SBU official Markiian Lubkivskyi https://www.facebook.com/markian.lubkivskyi/posts/1548175658
that "a citizen of the Russian Federation...with the call sign Alagir
is currently in Donetsk within the rotational assignment of running the
Operational Headquarters since January 2015, coordinating military
operations with the participation of representatives of illegal armed

"Alagir is the person in charge of the deployment of artillery,
mobile rocket systems, and heavy equipment," Lubkivskyi continued.
"Major bloody attacks on Ukrainian cities, particularly on Kramatorsk
and Mariupol, were carried out under his direct command and

Lubkivskyi also wrote that Zavizion was scheduled to be replaced by Russian Major General Andrei Gurulyov.

Major General Roman Shadrin

Roman Shadrin was born in Rostov Oblast in 1967 and graduated from a
military institute in Kazan. He served in the Soviet contingent in East
Germany after graduating in 1988. In 1995, he was awarded the Hero of
Russia medal for his service during the first war in Chechnya. After
service in Armenia and the North Caucasus, Shadrin was named deputy
commander of Interior Ministry troops in the Urals region. In 2008, he
served during the conflict with Georgia in the breakaway Georgian region
of South Ossetia, after which he was promoted to major general.

In September 2013, he was elected to the Yekaterinburg City Duma from the ruling United Russia Party.

The SBU dossier says Shadrin is the so-called minister of state
security for the self-proclaimed "Luhansk Peoples Republic" (LNR) in
eastern Ukraine. According to a media report on July 3, Shadrin denies
the allegation, saying he has only traveled to Ukraine's Donbas region
"with a humanitarian mission."

The Yekaterinburg-based urfo.org/ekb/537171.html
the same day that Shadrin has "repeatedly traveled to eastern Ukraine
with humanitarian missions." It also noted that Shadrin resigned as
chairman of the city legislature's security committee in January and
quoted an unidentified source in the Yekaterinburg Duma as saying
Shadrin "holds one of the top positions in the security service of the

The same source said it is not known when Shadrin will return to his
duties in Yekaterinburg, but there have been no efforts to strip him of
his mandate.