Young Osman - Ottoman March

Sultan Osman II or Othman II (commonly known as Genç Osman – meaning Osman the Young – in en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_language) (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman_Turkish_language عثمان ثانى ‘Osmān-i sānī) (November 3, 1604 – May 20, 1622) was the en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sultan of the en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman_Empire from 1618 until his death on 20 May 1622.
BiographyOsman II was born at en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Topkap%C4%B1_Palace, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantinople, the son of Sultan en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ahmed_I (1603–17) and his wife en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahfiruz_Hatice_Sultan, originally named Maria, a en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greeks.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osman_II# At a young age his mother paid a lot of attention to his education, as a result of this Osman II was a known poet and had mastered many languages, including en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arabic_language, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persian_language, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_language, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latin, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Italian_language, and the en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ottoman_Sign_Language. He ascended the throne at the early age of 14 as the result of a en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coup_d%27%C3%A9tat against his uncle en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mustafa_I(1617–18, 1622–23). Despite his youth, Osman II soon sought to assert himself as a ruler, and after securing the empire's eastern border by signing a peace treaty (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Serav) with en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Safavid_Persia, he personally led the Ottoman invasion of en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polish-Lithuanian_Commonwealth during thehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moldavian_Magnate_Wars. Forced to sign a peace treaty with the en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polish-Lithuanian_Commonwealth after the en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Khotyn_(1621) (which was, in fact, a siege of en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khotyn defended by the Polish en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hetman en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jan_Karol_Chodkiewicz) in September–October, 1621, Osman II returned home tohttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantinople in shame, blaming the cowardice of the en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janissary and the insufficiency of his statesmen for his humiliation.

Probably the first Sultan to identify and attempt to tackle the en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janissary as a praetorian institution doing more harm than good to the modern empire, Osman II closed their coffee shops (the gathering points for conspiracies against the throne) and started planning to create a new, loyal and en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnic en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkic_peoples army consisting of en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anatolia, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesopotamia and en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egypt en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Turkish_people and en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iraqi_Turkmen. The result was a palace en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Janissary_revolts, who promptly imprisoned the young sultan. When an executioner was sent to strangle him athttp://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yedikule,_Istanbul&action=edit&redlink=1, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantinople, Osman II refused to give in and started fighting the man and was only subdued when he was hit on his back with the rear end of an axe by one of his imprisoners. After that he was strangled with a bowstring. A combination of these stories is given by the French traveler Pouqueville, who writes that when the cord was thrown over his neck, Osman 'had the presence of mind to slip it with his hand, and knock down the principal executioner; on which his grand vizier seized him by the most sensible part of his body, when Osman fainted with pain, and was strangled.' en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osman_II#cite_note-2