Young Osman - Ottoman March

Sultan Osman II or Othman II (commonly known as Genç Osman – meaning Osman the Young – in ( عثمان ثانى ‘Osmān-i sānī) (November 3, 1604 – May 20, 1622) was the of the from 1618 until his death on 20 May 1622.
BiographyOsman II was born at,, the son of Sultan (1603–17) and his wife, originally named Maria, a At a young age his mother paid a lot of attention to his education, as a result of this Osman II was a known poet and had mastered many languages, including,,,,, and the He ascended the throne at the early age of 14 as the result of a against his uncle–18, 1622–23). Despite his youth, Osman II soon sought to assert himself as a ruler, and after securing the empire's eastern border by signing a peace treaty ( with, he personally led the Ottoman invasion of during the Forced to sign a peace treaty with the after the (which was, in fact, a siege of defended by the Polish in September–October, 1621, Osman II returned home to in shame, blaming the cowardice of the and the insufficiency of his statesmen for his humiliation.

Probably the first Sultan to identify and attempt to tackle the as a praetorian institution doing more harm than good to the modern empire, Osman II closed their coffee shops (the gathering points for conspiracies against the throne) and started planning to create a new, loyal and army consisting of, and and The result was a palace, who promptly imprisoned the young sultan. When an executioner was sent to strangle him at,_Istanbul&action=edit&redlink=1,, Osman II refused to give in and started fighting the man and was only subdued when he was hit on his back with the rear end of an axe by one of his imprisoners. After that he was strangled with a bowstring. A combination of these stories is given by the French traveler Pouqueville, who writes that when the cord was thrown over his neck, Osman 'had the presence of mind to slip it with his hand, and knock down the principal executioner; on which his grand vizier seized him by the most sensible part of his body, when Osman fainted with pain, and was strangled.'