The ice age has ended. The ice has melted, and sea levels have risen,
changing the shape of the coastlines. The continents are still moving.
Australia has collided with Asia, pushing up a huge mountain range. Part
of Africa has split off and become fused to the tip of Asia.
has been pulled north by a subduction zone at the bottom of the Indian
ocean and now lies partially in the tropics. Instead of snow, ice and
penguins, there is now dense tropical rainforest. This rainforest has
evolved from whatever plant species made it to the isolated continent
first. Similarly, the animals there have radiated to fill all the
available niches have evolved from relatively few ancestors, as reaching
this virgin continent was so difficult.
The lichens and, mosses
and algae that lived in the Antarctic in the human era have evolved and
developed. Seeds and spores from other parts of the world have been
carried to the Antarctic. New species have been developed by adaptive
Antarctica lies in the tropics, with trade winds bringing warm rain all the year round.
winds bring seeds and spores from South America. Spiders and insects
have been carried there as 'aerial plankton'. Birds follow them, staying
for the seeds, fruits and insects.
The forests are temperate and wet.
In: Science and Technology, Other
Tags: Rainforest, Antarctica, 100 Million Years, Future
Location: United Kingdom (UK/GB) (load item map)
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