The loss of the American colonies created many problems for the British Empire. One of the most serious was the loss of a very large prison system. From the moment they arrived in the North American mainland and the Caribbean, the British used their colonies as a means of disposing of their most problematic citizens, the very poor, and providing the new American gentry with free labor under the system of indentured servitude. The colony of Georgia was founded for the express purpose of serving as a penal colony. Of course, enslaved Africans eventually formed the bulk of America's pool of free labor, but the British had to start somewhere.
The victorious colonies presented the mother country with a challenge. What is a newly inconvenienced empire to do? Should it change its ways? Should it stop shipping petty criminals off to far away places from which they would never return? The answ
|Liveleak on Facebook|