The term "Big Bang" was sarcastically coined by the late Sir Fred Hoyle, Professor of Astronomy at Cambridge University, and who was acknowledged to have been one of the most creative scientists of the 20th century. Hoyle was a proponent of the history of the universe known as the Steady-State in which hydrogen atoms gradually coalesced into gas clouds, which then formed stars and galaxies. Even after the steady-state theory was disproven through observation, Hoyle still felt that it was completely inexplicable that the appearance of the entire universe could have been created from nothing.
Monsignor Georges Lemaitre (1894-1966), a Catholic priest and president of the Vatican's Pontifical Academy of Science, originated the concept for the Big Bang with his "Hypothesis of the Primeval Atom" which was based on the doctrine of the Catholic Church that the Universe was created by God fr
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