The Baker–Fancher Party (also called the Fancher–Baker Party, Fancher party, or Baker's Company) was the name used to collectively describe the American western emigrants from four northwestern counties in Arkansas, specifically Marion, Crawford, Carroll, and Johnson
counties, who departed Carroll County in April 1857 and "were attacked
by the Mormons and Santa Clara tribe of Indians near the rim of the
Great Basin, and about fifty miles from Cedar City, in Utah Territory, and that all of the emigrants, with the exception of 15 children, were then and there massacred and murdered" in the Mountain Meadows massacre.
Sources estimate that between 120 and 140 men, women and children were
killed on September 11, 1857 at Mountain Meadows, a rest stop on the Old Spanish Trail, in the Utah Territory. A small group of children, thought to be too young to inform on the perpetrators, was spared and taken in by Mormon families in Southern Utah.
Mark Twain on the
Massacre - 1861
"I am not given to exaggeration, and when I say a thing
I mean it."
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