The AN-94 (sometimes called the "Abakan") is an advanced Russian assault rifle. The initials stand for Avtomat Nikonova (after chief designer Gennadiy Nikonov) Model of 1994.
The Russian Government formally declared the AN-94 to be the successor and replacement to the Kalashnikov series of rifles following the Project Abakan
advanced assault rifle trials in the USSR throughout the 1980s.
Gennadiy Nikonov's system reportedly outperformed its many remarkable
rivals significantly, proving better than the AEK-971 and the AKB-1 (predecessor of the AK-107). The Nikonov AN-94 was commissioned for general issue to the Soviet
(now Russian) armed forces, with mass production scheduled at the
traditional home of the Kalashnikov assault rifle, the historic Izhmash state factories.
The stated great advantage of the AN-94 system is its ability to
delay the recoil force until the fired round/s have left the barrel,
much like the AO-62. This, it is claimed, enables more 'hits' on target under the most adverse combat conditions.
The AN-94 offers a unique two-shot burst function at a stated 1800
rounds per minute rate of fire. The Nikonov mechanism fires the second
shot in the burst fast enough that it escapes before the recoil of the
first shot is felt, thus potentially allowing the two shots to hit the
same point, for example to aid in piercing body armour.
The most conspicuous identifying feature of the AN-94 is its magazine
which is canted several degrees to the right of center (when viewed
from a firing position). This is a necessary design function to
accommodate the unique ammunition feed mechanism. The AN-94 is chambered
in the same 5.45x39mm M74 cartridge as the AK-74, and it utilizes a rotating bolt to lock the action. Gennadiy Nikonov and his engineers used the Russian term смещенный импульс свободного затвора (smeshchonnyy impuls svobodnovo zatvora) to describe the rifle's method of operation, meaning "blowback shifted pulse."
When a round is fired, residual energy from the propellant charge in
the cartridge acts upon the safely locked breech and bolt carrier.
Simultaneously, a quantity of powder gases driving the bullet through
the barrel is tapped and acts upon the piston in the gas tube located
above and parallel to the barrel. The movement of the piston and its
connecting rod acts upon the locking bolt, causing it to rotate and
allow the breech to safely open. This initiates the extraction and
ejection cycle for the spent round of ammunition.
Unique to the AN-94, the barrel, gas tube, receiver, and bolt carrier
all exist as a single component group moving back and forth along an
axis parallel to the bore, suspended within what the Russian
manufacturers call an Effect-Envelope—the external composite
fibre/polymer stock. Simply, this function separates the events inside
the rifle from what the person operating the weapon actually experiences
(i.e. low recoil).
The motion described is also employed by design to drive the unique
rotary conveyor mechanism that performs the separate ammunition
pre-feeding cycle that is key to the extremely rapid two round burst
function that defines the AN-94 system. This high rate of fire (1,800
rounds/min) also offers two initial shots on selected fully automatic
fire, with following rounds cycling down to 600 rounds/min. This offers
the operator the unique tactical advantage of trigger-controlled fire
In: Weapons, Citizen Journalism, Science and Technology
Tags: Russian, Weapons, of, The, Future, rifle, 5.45mm
Location: Krasnodar, Krasnodarskiy kray, Russia (load item map)
Marked as: approved
Views: 7539 | Comments: 18 | Votes: 5 | Favorites: 5 | Shared: 0 | Updates: 0 | Times used in channels: 3
|Liveleak on Facebook|