First video shows the "Centurion" C-RAM during a test firing. The descending objects shown in slow motion appear to be mortar shells/rockets about to be literally shot out of the sky by the weapon.
Second video shows the C-Rams in night action in Iraq during an enemy rocket attack. The C-Rams has been deployed in Iraq since 2005 and presumably, now in Afghanistan as well.
The basis of the system is the 20 mm M61 Vulcan Gatling gun autocannon, used since the 1960s by the United States military in nearly all fighter aircraft.
Seeking a solution to constant rocket and mortar attacks on bases in Iraq, the United States Army requested a(n) anti-projectile system in May 2004, as part of its Counter-Rocket, Artillery, Mortar initiative. The end result of this program was 'Centurion'. It began deployment to Iraq in 2005, where it was set up to protect forward operating bases and other high-value sites in and around the capital, Baghdad.
Each system consisted (sic) of a modified Phalanx 1B CIWS, powered by an attached generator and mounted on a trailer for mobility. Armed with a 20 mm M61A1 Gatling gun the unit is capable of firing 1,500 or 2,000 M246 or M940 rounds per minute.
In 2008 there were more than twenty CIWS systems protecting bases in the U.S. Central Command area of operations. A Raytheon spokesman told Navy Times that 105 attacks were defeated by the systems, most of those involved mortars. Based on the success of Centurion, 23 additional systems were ordered in September 2008.
Like the naval version, Centurion uses Ku-band radar and FLIR to detect and track incoming projectiles, and is also capable of engaging surface targets...The Centurion is reportedly capable of defending a 1.2 km square area.
The C-RAM uses the M246 or M940 HEIT-SD (High-Explosive Incendiary Tracer, Self-Destruct) ammunition. These rounds explode on impact with the target, or upon tracer burnout, thereby greatly reducing the risk of collateral damage, should any rounds fail to hit their target.
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